Free LEED Green Associate Made Easy V4 Study Guide - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Green Building Academy. USGBC Leed Green Associate Study Guide - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Get the LEED Green Associate Study Guide PDF from GBES, one of the Best LEED Green Associate Study Guides. See Why 95% Our Students Pass The FIRST.
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The USGBC LEED Green Associate Study Guide is a valuable tool for exam candidates plan- ning to attain the Green Associate credential. We would like to. LEED v4 Green Associate Candidate Handbook – Click here to Download .. Adobe interactive PDF forms accessible by Project Administrator and project team. LEED Green Associate Study Guide U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). .. interactive PDF forms accessible by Project Administrator and project team.
Fig 4. Complete documentation Upload supporting gfiles. Water with acceptable quality to drink. Which strateg! On completion of registration project team gets access to LEED online which has online credit templates.
Monitor and track water consumption periodically Terminologies: Gallons Per Minute: Gallons Per Flush: Baseline water consumption: Baseline water consumption is water consumed in the proposed project considering standard practices are followed in the project. For water efficiency in indoor, the standard consumption is calculated based on Energy Policy Act Baseline water consumption depends on occupancy of the project and base line flow rates of the fixtures. Design Case Water consumption: Design case water consumption is the calculated water consumed in the project considering actual performance of the fixtures.
Metering Faucets: Metering faucets dispense water for a pre-determined period of time and deliver a pre-defined volume of water. Non water or composting toilet systems: Non water or composting toilet systems are dry plumbing fixtures and fittings that contain and treat human waste via microbiological processes. Non water or dry urinal: A non water or dry urinal, replaces water flush with a trap containing a layer of buoyant liquid that floats above the urine, blocking sewer gas and odors.
Dual flush Toilets: Dual flush toilets have two buttons one for half flush and the other for full flush depending on the requirement. Water sense: Water sense is a third party certification for water efficient faucets, showers and water closets.
EPAct Uniform Plumbing Code: Developed by IAPMO, defines water-conserving fixtures and fittings for water closets, urinals, and metered faucets. Developed by International Code Council, IPC defines maximum flow rates and consumption for plumbing fixtures and fittings, including public and private lavatories, showerheads, sink faucets, urinals, and water closets 5.
No once through cooling equipment Use non potable water Maintain higher cycles of concentration. The following chart provides the details of end use energy distribution for buildings in US.
Minimum Energy Performance Prerequisite. Intent Minimum Energy Performance: To reduce the environmental and economic harms of excessive energy use by achieving a minimum level of energy efficiency for the building and its systems. Intent Optimize Energy Performance: To achieve increasing levels of energy performance beyond the prerequisite standard to reduce environmental and economic harms associated with excessive energy use. Minimum Energy Performance: Existing buildings can evaluate their energy performance by using energy star portfolio manager.
Optimize Energy Performance: Projects can earn points under optimize energy performance if the energy performance of the building is beyond the requirements of minimum energy performance. Projects can improve the energy performance by following strategies. Proper orientation of the building: Optimized Building Envelope: Optimize Solar Heat Gain Coefficient of the glazing.
Efficient Lighting: Passive Technologies: Consider passive technologies like day lighting, night venting, natural ventilation etc 6. Efficient Controls: Occupancy sensors. Daylight sensors. Demand control ventilation. Shading controls. Programmable thermostats. Cogeneration increases the thermodynamic efficiency compared to separate heat and power generation. EPA Energy star target finder is a no-cost online tool that enables architects and building owners to set energy targets during design stage 2.
Energy Modeling is used to evaluate cost and benefit of various energy conservation measures. Points will be awarded based on the percentage improvement of energy performance of design case over the base case. EPA Energy star Portfolio Manager is an Interactive online tool to record and track the energy and water consumption of a building or group of buildings. To reduce the environmental and economic harms associated with fossil fuel energy by increasing self-supply of renewable energy.
Energy production from traditional sources such as coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels contributes to emissions such as oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide etc. These pollutants are primary contributors to acid rain, smog, and climate change. The pollutants have widespread and adverse effects on human health, especially respiratory health.
Using renewable energy generated either on-site or off-site is an excellent way for owners to reduce the negative environmental impacts on air and water associated with a buildings energy requirements. Renewable energy has a positive impact on rural communities in particular; sitting and operating wind farms and biomass conversion facilities in rural areas enhances economic development.
LEED addresses renewable energy in two credits 1. Onsite Renewable Energy Energy generated within the site. Solar Water heater, Solar Photovoltaic cell, Wind turbine etc. Green Power Green Power is renewable energy purchased from utilities or service providers.
The following energy sources are considered renewable: Photovoltaic Cells. Wind Energy. Geothermal Power deep earth power generation. Low impact hydro-electric power. Tidal Energy. Energy from Biomass or biogas or biofuel agricultural waste, animal waste, wood residue, Landfill gas etc. LEED does not consider the following as renewable energy: Fossil Fuel. Nuclear Energy Hazards due to radiation. Conventional Hydro Power Plant it disturbs aquatic life.
Passive Technologies like Day lighting, geothermal heat exchange these can be considered in optimizing energy performance. Energy from forestry biomass causes deforestation. Energy from wood coated with paints or coatings potential contaminants.
Energy by burning municipal waste potential contaminants. Green E: Green E energy is a voluntary certification and verification program for renewable energy products. Renewable energy certificates are tradable commodities representing proof that a unit of electricity was generated from renewable energy sources. Onsite Renewable Energy: Renewable energy generated within the project can earn Onsite Renewable Energy Credit. Green Power: Projects can earn this credit by adapting one of the three compliance path: Case 1: In Open electricity market, the consumer can choose for a utility provider who supplies Green E Certified Power Case 2: In closed electricity market, the utility provider has an option for Green E certified Power.
Case 3: In closed electricity market if the utility provider does not have an option for Green E certified Power, the consumer can purchase Green E accredited Renewable Energy Certificates RECs to offset their power consumption from conventional sources.
Green E 6. To reduce stratospheric ozone depletion. To reduce ozone depletion and support early compliance with the Montreal Protocol while minimizing direct contributions to climate change.
Evolution of Refrigerants: Natural Refrigerants: These refrigerants are environmentally good but had some disadvantages. Air, CO2, H20 has poor refrigerant properties.
Ammonia is toxic in nature. Hydrocarbons are explosive in nature particularly at high pressure. Example R11, R12 They have excellent refrigerant properties but have very high Ozone depleting potential and hence Montreal Protocol has decided to phase out CFC production from and derivatives of CFC are phased out by Chlorine which is responsible for damaging the ozone layer is partially replaced by hydrogen atoms.
Montreal protocol has targeted to phase out HCFCs by Most of the air-conditioning manufacturers are presently using HFC as the refrigerants. Table 6. Fundamental Refrigerant Management Prerequisite In new buildings: Enhanced Refrigerant Management: Reduce overall environmental impact caused by refrigerants by Select zero ODP refrigerants and refrigerants with lesser Global warming potential.
Reduce the leakage rate of refrigerants. Select equipment with higher life. Chloroflouro carbons. Hydro Chloroflouro carbons. Hydro Flouro Carbons. Montreal Protocol: International treaty to prevent damage of ozone layer. Global Warming Potential. Ozone Depleting Potential considered more dangerous than Global warming. Material used in fire suppression system which has ozone depleting property. International treaty on protection of ozone layer.
To support the design, construction, and eventual operation of a project that meets the owners project requirements for energy, water, indoor environmental quality, and durability.
To further support the design, construction, and eventual operation of a project that meets the owners project requirements for energy, water, indoor environmental quality, and durability. Facilities that do not perform as intended may consume significantly more resources over their lifetimes than they should. Commissioning can minimize the negative impacts buildings have on the environment by helping verify that buildings are designed and constructed to operate as intended and in accordance with the owners project requirements.
Improved occupant well-being and productivity are other potential benefits when building systems function as intended. Proper commissioning of building systems can reduce employee illness, tenant turnover and vacancy, and liability related to indoor air quality and it can avoid premature equipment replacement. Designate a Commissioning Authority for the project to lead the commissioning process; the scope of commissioning shall include at a minimum of the following energy related systems in the building heating.
HVAC equipments and its associated controls. Lighting and day lighting controls. Domestic hot water systems. Renewable energy systems e. Commissioning Cx is the process of verifying and documenting that a building and all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, installed, tested, operated and maintained to meet the owners project requirements.
Fundamental Vs Enhanced Commissioning: Fundamental Commissioning may start in later design phase and may end before occupancy.
Whereas Enhanced commissioning should start early in the design process and ends after occupancy. Fundamental Commissioning is a prerequisite and Enhanced Commissioning is a credit. Commissioning Authority: The commissioning authority CxA is the individual designated to organize, lead and review the completion of commissioning process activities.
Basis of Design: Basis of design includes design information necessary to accomplish the owners project requirements, including system descriptions, indoor environmental quality criteria, design assumptions, and references to applicable codes, standards, regulations, and guidelines.
To support energy management and identify opportunities for additional energy savings by tracking building-level energy use. To support energy management and identify opportunities for additional energy savings by tracking building-level and system-level energy use. Metering system to provide building level energy consumption for all energy types like electricity, gas, chilled water Advanced metering system to o Provide end use energy distribution o Log data on hourly basis o Monitor demand 6.
Design building and equipment for participation in demand response programs through load shedding or shifting 6. Video Demonstrating RECs http: Buildings are the major contributor for solid waste generation. These materials have lesser embodied energy compared to conventional materials 7. To reduce the waste that is generated by building occupants and hauled to and disposed of in landfills.
By creating convenient recycling opportunities for all building occupants, a significant portion of the solid waste stream can be diverted from landfills. Recycling of paper, metals, glass, cardboard and plastics reduces the need to extract virgin natural resources.
Diverting waste from landfills can help minimize land, water and air pollution. Provide a suitable and convenient storage facility for occupants to store recyclable materials and the haulers to periodically collect the recyclable materials. The storage facility shall collect minimum paper, cardboard, glass, plastics and metals.
An occupant education program that addresses the environmental and financial benefits of recycling can encourage occupants to participate in preserving the environment. Proper signage to indicate storage place of recyclable materials Signage for not be contaminated. Security for high valued materials.
Landfills are waste disposal sites for solid waste from human activities. Tipping Fee: Tipping fees are charged by a landfill for disposal of waste, typically quoted per ton. Hauler is a person or company which collects the recyclable materials and sends it to recycling facilities. Comingled Recycling: Comingled recycling is the term used when all recyclable materials paper, metal, plastics, cardboard, glass etc are collected in a single storage place. The hauler separates the materials and sends it for respective recycling facilities.
To reduce construction and demolition waste disposed of in landfills and incineration facilities by recovering, reusing, and recycling materials. Most of construction waste are recyclable metal, cardboard, concrete, wood, asphalt etc. Recycling of construction and demolition debris reduces demand for virgin resources and reduces the environmental impacts associated with resource extraction, processing and in many cases, transportation. Extends the lifetime of existing landfills through effective and can avoid the need for expansion or new landfill sites.
Prepare a construction waste management plan in order to divert construction waste from landfill. Identify recyclable construction waste and source haulers for recycling. Construction Waste Management Plan shall address how hazardous or contaminated materials will be handled in the project Note: Excavated soil and land clearing debris are not considered to be construction waste and does not contribute to the calculation 7.
To encourage adaptive reuse and optimize the environmental performance of products and materials. Building Reuse: Building reuse is a very effective strategy for reducing the overall environmental impact of construction. Reusing existing buildings significantly reduces the energy use associated with the demolition process as well as construction waste. Reduces the requirement for construction materials and hence reduces the environmental impact associated with extracting, manufacturing and transporting of the materials.
Infrastructure is already available Strategies: Maintain the existing building structure including structural floor and roof decking and envelope the exterior skin and framing, excluding window assemblies and nonstructural roofing material. Use existing interior nonstructural elements e. Hazardous materials, contaminated, damaged parts of building, Window glazing and MEP equipments, that are remediated as a part of the project must be excluded from the calculation of the percentage maintained.
Material Reuse Significance: Use of salvaged materials also avoids the environmental impacts of producing new construction products and materials. Identify potential materials that can be reused in the locality of the project in design stage and specify them in construction documents. Terminologies Refurbished Materials: Refurbished materials products have completed their life cycle as consumer items and are then refurbished for reuse without substantial alteration of their form.
Refurbishing includes renovating, repairing, restoring, or generally improving the appearance, performance, quality, functionality, or value of a product. Salvaged Materials: Salvaged materials are construction materials recovered from existing buildings or construction sites and reused.
Common salvaged materials include structural beams and posts, flooring, doors, cabinetry, brick and decorative items. Materials with Recycled Content Significance: As the number of building products containing recycled content grows, the marketplace for recycled materials develops. Identify potential materials with recyclable materials that can be used in the project and specify them in construction documents.
Recycled Content: Recycled content is the proportion, by mass, of pre-consumer or post- consumer recycled material. Materials which are reused in the same manufacturing process is not considered to be recycling. A brick manufacturing unit which reuses the broken bricks generated in the manufacturing process is not recycling. Post Consumer Recycled Content: The recycled material was generated by household, commercial, industrial, or institutional end-users and can no longer be used for its intended purpose.
It includes returns of materials from the distribution chain ISO Examples include construction and demolition debris, materials collected through recycling programs, discarded products e. Pre-consumer recycled content, formerly known as post-industrial content, is the percentage of material in a product that is recycled from manufacturing waste. Examples include planer shavings, sawdust, bagasse, walnut shells, culls, trimmed materials, over issue publications and obsolete inventories.
Excluded are reworks, regrind, or scrap materials capable of being reclaimed within the same process that generated them as stated in ISO Fly Ash: Fly ash is the solid residue derived from incineration processes. Fly ash can be used as a substitute for Portland cement in concrete. Assembly Recycled Content: Assembly recycled content is the percentage of material in a product that is either post-consumer or pre-consumer recycled content. It is determined by dividing the weight of the recycled content by the overall weight of the assembly.
Rapidly renewable materials are agricultural products, both fiber and animal, that takes 10 years or less. Many conventional building materials require large inputs of land, natural resources, capital, and time to produce. Conversely, rapidly renewable materials generally require fewer of these inputs and are likely to have fewer environmental impacts.
Sourcing rapidly renewable materials reduces the use of raw materials whose extraction and processing have greater environmental impacts. Because of their intensive production and shorter growing cycles, rapidly renewable crops also require significantly less land to produce the same amount of end product; some are byproducts that are otherwise considered waste.
Assess the potential rapidly renewable materials that can be used in the project and specify the same in construction documents. Regional Materials Regional Material: The use of regional building materials reduces transportation activities and associated pollution.
Trucks, trains, ships and other vehicles deplete finite reserves of fossil fuels and generate air pollution. Encourages and strengthen local economies. Assess the potential regional materials that can be used in the project and specify the same in construction documents. Salvaged material sourced within miles can also contribute to regional materials irrespective of the source of the original material Certified Wood Significance: The negative environmental impacts of irresponsible forest practices can include forest destruction, wildlife habitat loss, soil erosion and stream sedimentation, water and air pollution and waste generation.
Encourages sustainable forestry. Specify the suitable sustainable materials in construction documents Terminologies: Chain-of-custody COC: Chain-of-Custody is a tracking procedure for a product from the point of harvest or extraction to its end use, including all successive stages of processing, transformation, manufacturing and distribution. Sustainable forestry: Sustainable forestry is the practice of managing forest resources to meet the long-term forest product needs of humans while maintaining the biodiversity of forested landscapes.
FSC Certified Wood: Principles and Criteria Certification by the Forest Stewardship Council FSC is a seal of approval awarded to forest managers who adopt environmentally and socially responsible forest management practices and to companies that manufacture and sell products made from certified wood. Sustainable Forestry is the practice of managing forest resources to meet the long-term forest product needs of humans while maintaining the biodiversity of forested landscapes.
To encourage the use of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts. To reward project teams for selecting products from manufacturers who have verified improved environmental life-cycle impacts. Health Product Declarations: Health Product Declaration HPDs provide a full disclosure of the potential chemicals of concern in products by comparing product ingredients to a wide variety of 'hazard' lists published by government authorities and scientific associations.
Environmental Product Declarations: Environmental Product Declaration EPD ,is a standardized way of quantifying the environmental impact of a product or system. Typically, an EPD will include information about a products impact on global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution, ozone creation, and greenhouse gas Corporate Sustainability Report: There are two aspects in this credit 1. This is about being transparent about health impacts, environmental impacts and sourcing of raw materials 2.
This is about using materials that has lesser impact on health, environment and responsibly sourcing raw materials. Optimization can be achieved by selecting materials that are certified by third parties like Cradle to Cradle certified products and GreenScreen Certified products Note: Furniture may be included for credit calculations but if included should be included consistently in all credit calculations 3.
Only permanently installed materials are included in calculation. Scaffolding and other temporary construction materials are excluded 7. Calculated from extraction till it comes out of the manufacturing unit Cradle to Site: Calculated up to site installation Cradle to Grave: Calculated up to end of use i. Conventional products have cradle to grave approach. Cradle to cradle products are environmentally preferred. Cradle to Cradle maintains materials in closed loops reducing waste disposal and landfill.
Source Reduction: Source reduction can result from any activity that reduces the amount of a material needed and therefore used to make products.
Some specific examples of source reduction practices are: Redesigning products to use fewer materials e. Avoiding using materials in the first place Using prefabricated materials to reduce waste on site Have a Question in this chapter? Indoor times more polluted compared to outdoors. Improvement in indoor environment improves productivity and reduces absenteeism. To contribute to the comfort and well-being of building occupants by establishing minimum standards for indoor air quality IAQ.
Ventilation is the key to improve indoor air quality and provide sufficient oxygen for occupants. Achievement of this credit has a negative implication on energy performance. Modulate the fresh air supply based on demand. CO2 Sensors are used to find out the requirement of fresh air. Fig 6. To prevent or minimize exposure of building occupants, indoor surfaces, and ventilation air distribution systems to environmental tobacco smoke.
Protect occupants from second hand smoke. Occupants exposed to second hand smoke risk lung cancer. Commercial Projects: Prohibit Smoking except in designated smoking areas Residential Projects: Prohibit smoking in common areas. Ensure air tightness in the unit by blower test.
Weather seal Window and door frames. Interior Smoking areas: Exterior smoking area shall be atleast 25 ft. To promote occupants comfort, well-being, and productivity by improving indoor air quality. Protect the occupants from potentially hazardous particulates and chemical pollutants. Use entryway systems 10 feet long at all regular entrances. Directly exhaust chemical mixing areas such as copy room, janitor rooms, chemical storage rooms etc. To reduce concentrations of chemical contaminants that can damage air quality, human health, productivity, and the environment.
These pollutants pose serious problems on IAQ and also contribute to smog. Finishing materials shall with the requirements as summarized below S.
VOC Budget: If a small amount of a product non-compliant with the VOC limits of the standards, the project team may opt to perform a VOC Budget calculation. The VOC Budget is a weighted average calculation which can be used to show that the majority of the products comply.
To promote the well-being of construction workers and building occupants by minimizing indoor air quality problems associated with construction and renovation. Protect construction workers and occupants from IAQ problems resulting from construction.
Pollutants from synthetic materials, construction process, finishing materials etc pose serious IAQ problems. If permanently installed air handlers are used during construction, provide MERV Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value rated filters in all return grills.
To establish better quality indoor air in the building after construction and during occupancy. Flush the building by supplying outdoor air. Conduct an IAQ test prior to occupancy. To promote occupants productivity, comfort, and well-being by providing quality thermal comfort.
Reduce occupant complaints. Reduce absenteeism, Increases productivity, Increased occupant satisfaction. Thermal comfort depends on parameters such as temperature, humidity, air velocity etc. Provide controls for the occupants to set their comfort levels.
Thermostats, operable windows, accessible control dampers are considered as controls.
Agree to conduct a thermal comfort verification. To promote occupants productivity, comfort, and well-being by providing high-quality lighting. To provide the occupants with control of their lighting according to their requirement. Increases productivity. May provide an opportunity for save energy. Provide individual lighting control for a percentage of occupants. Provide lighting system controllability for all shared multi occupant spaces meeting room, conference halls etc.
To connect building occupants with the outdoors, reinforce circadian rhythms, and reduce the use of electrical lighting by introducing daylight into the space. Intent Quality Views: To give building occupants a connection to the natural outdoor environment by providing quality views. Provide daylight and views to connect the occupants with outdoor. Research proves that children studied at daylight class rooms perform better than other children consistently.
To provide workspaces and classrooms that promotes occupants well- being, productivity, and communications through effective acoustic design. Integrative Process Green Building Academy www. Integrative Process Intent To support high-performance, cost-effective project outcomes through an early analysis of the interrelationships among systems.
Different disciplines work isolated on their corresponding task. In this approach, the opportunities of synergies between different systems are missed. In integrated project delivery, the project team first sets project goals and objectives. All project team members works towards the project goals right from predesign to completion of the project.
Phases of Integrative Process: Discovery phase is an expansion of conventional predesign phase In discovery phase project teams should Understand project requirements, Explore synergies between various building components, Address budget, and schedule.
Projects should assess orientation, envelope, window to wall ratio, lighting levels, day light, thermal mass etc to achieve the energy efficiency goal. This phase is an expansion of conventional occupancy and operation and maintenance phase In this phase project teams should Measure the performance of the project and set feedback mechanism Feedback is critical in determining the success in achieving performance targets, informing building operations, and taking corrective action when targets are missed.
Projects should continuously monitor energy and water consumption and compared it against the established goals. Have a Question in this chapter? Bonus Categories Green Building Academy www. There are 2 Credits under Innovation Category 1.
Innovation 2. Exemplary performance 2. Innovative Criteria 3. Learning Objectives At the end of this chapter, candidates will have an understanding of Innovation 1.
Exemplary Performance can be earned by exceeding the requirements of the credit to next threshold or achieving double the credit requirements. Rating System: New Construction Credit Category: Water Efficiency. Indoor Water use reduction. Exemplary Performance: Intent, Requirement, calculation, design approach and strategies are proposed by project team Purse credits borrowed from other rating systems.
The LEED Pilot Credit Library is a rating system development tool designed to test new and revised LEED credit language, alternative compliance paths, and new or innovative green building technologies and concepts.
The following Points are worth noting in relation to Innovation: LEED ID Credits are evaluated for each project award of an ID Credit for one project at a specific point in time does not constitute automatic approval for a similar strategy in a future project. Innovation credits are not awarded for the use of a particular product or design strategy if the technology aids in the achievement of an existing LEED credit.
This process includes identifying the proposed innovation credit intent, the proposed requirement s for compliance, the proposed submittal s to demonstrate compliance, and a summary of potential design approaches that may be used to meet the requirements.
Regional Priority credits are listed by state and zipcode in usgbc website. In Arizona, Zip code The following credits are designated as regional priority credit: Alternate Transportation Parking capacity. Heat Island Effect- Non Roof.
Water Efficient Landscaping No potable water for irrigation. Projects in zip, Arizona can earn 4 Bonus points if they achieve any 4 of the above credits. Discuss in our forum Summary We have addressed Innovation 1.
Project Registration. Preliminary review.
Preliminary review response clarification. Final review. Accept or appeal. Appeal review if applicable. Certification or denial. Project Registration: Projects is done though online application in www. Registration is done by Project Administrator who will be the point of contact between gbci and project team. Registration fee: Registration during pre design is recommended. The following information are required to register the project: Preparing the Application: On completion of registration project team gets access to LEED online which has online credit templates.
Project Administrator assigns credit responsibilities for team members. For example Site Selection can be documented after design phase, Construction pollution prevention can be documented only after completion of construction. Allows submitting project documentation Design Credits and Construction credits separately. Helps to anticipate credits that are possible for certification well in advance.
All documentation is submitted and reviewed at one time. Advantageous only if project has commenced. The project team can either accept the preliminary review as the final review or submit a response to the preliminary review. On Final Design Review: The project team can either accept the review or submit an appeal. Credits such as Optimized Energy Performance and Enhanced Commissioning are considered as complex credits.
The appeal shall be reviewed by GBCI.
After appeal review, the Project is either certified or denied. The credits are documented after assessing the performance of the building during performance period. Performance Period is the time period during which the buildings performance is measured for credit evaluation.
Unlike other rating systems LEED for existing buildings operation maintenance has validity for the Certification. Projects have to apply for recertification at least once in 5 years to retain their certification.
Pre-certification is offered with lesser documentation as compared to final certification. Pre-certified projects still have to comply with all the requirements of final documentation. Green Raters are part of project team who connects the project team with LEED for Homes provider by site inspections and verification. LEED for Homes provider are listed in usgbc website.
Project team holds preliminary meeting with LEED for homes provider to discuss the project certification. The project certification goals are set and responsibilities are assigned to the project team members. Project team proceeds with the project to meet the targeted goals. Green Rater performs inspections and required tests to ensure the required performance targets are met. GBCI reviews and provide the certification. A CIR may be submitted at any time after the point in which a project is registered.
CIR should not be in letter format, project teams should not give project information. Project teams need not submit drawings or cut sheets or specifications etc.
Only specific background information is sufficient. CIR should not exceed words. Project Teams should note that neither the credit language nor the minimum achievement thresholds can be changed through the CIR process. Streamlined approach to certify multiple buildings and spaces in different locations. Take five minutes to I? Carbon footprint and embodied energy d.
Or better yet. Reduced life-cycle costs A basic unit of nature that includes a Ecosystem community of organisms and their nonliving environment linked by biological. Relative costs and benefits of each credit b. Electric lighting d. Economic theory. Economic prosperity. Reduced first costs b. Reduced water use d..
Carbon Footprint operation. EPA a. Capable of decomposing under natural conditions. Space cooling' b. Integrat ive d. The installation of low-flow faucet aerators at hand washing stations will result in which of the following select two? Reduced imminent costs Environmental Sustainability components and functions for future generations. Predesign b. A comprehensive carbon footprint transportation. Environmental aspects and potential impacts of a given product c.
Design development d. What constitutes the largest use of energy in buildings in the United States? Government standards. Reduced maintenance costs c. Tiered 6. Space heating c. Environmental impacts and human benefits c. Life-cycle assessment is used to determine the? Increased occupant productivity e. EPA 2. Environmental systems affected over the life of a building Answer Key on Page B. Balance of natural cycles such as the hydrologic cycle b.
Green building emphasizes using what type of design process? Schematic design c. Reduced hours of occupancy b. What are the three dimensions of sustainability often described as the triple bottom line or the three-legged stool? Reduced end-of-life costs e. Construction Cover up the left side of the page and test yourself to see If you can surnrnanze the defi nitions of the followi ng key terms. Reduced stormwater runoff A structure designed to conserve water and. Implementation of green building strategies such as daylighting.
Energy efficiency. Life span of a building and its components d. Expected environmental performance A measure of greenhouse gas emissions associated with an activity. Linear b. Multistage c. Long-term maintenance of ecosystem 4. Construction documents e. Reduced energy use c. An analysis of the environmental aspects and Life-Cycle Assessment potential Impacts associated with a pro d uct.
Systematic improvements in the per f ormance of a market or market segment.. Integrated Design Team Including the design professionals. Regenerative Regenerative Design design goes beyond reducing impacts to create positive change in the local and global environments.
Mission "To transform the way buildings and communities are designed. Green Building Council USGBC is a 50 l c 3 nonprofit entity composed of leaders from every sector of the building industry working to promote buildings and. Green Building Council and its mission.
Provides third-party LEED professional credentials. Innovation In DeSign Typically. There are exceptions to t e tot a. Refer to the appendix of this guide for a sample checklist for each of the LEED rating systems. R lated credits. For each certification level. Please see the samp. I III' 1 nts available. The prerequisites and credits from all the LEED rating systems have been aligned..
W hole numbers'. Operations and maintenance considerations. All must be met before a project can be certified.. They are consistent across all LEED rating systems. The prerequisites and credits fall within each of these categories: Regional variations.
Each rating system comprises the following categories. Each credit was assigned its value based on how well the credit addresses these concerns. LEED awards the most points for strategies that will benefit climate change and indoor environmental quality.
In the graphic below. Gross floor areas mustbe. III You must include any land disturbed for the purpose of undertaking the LEED project located and at the time of design and construction. New Construction. Area to Site Area Ratio: ALL Rating Systems: You must commit.
Commercial Interiors: Do you know the environmental laws in your area? You must cornplywith all applicable laws and regulations in place where the project is federal. Permanent Building or Space: Must Comply With Environmental Laws: You must design for.
Must Comply With Minimum Building. This commitment will carry forward if the building changes ownership and commences when occupancy occurs. Existing Buildings: Reasonable site boundary means that the LEED project must include all contiguous land.
Must be in a state of typical physical occupancy The LEED project scope has to be distinct from all other spaces within the building with regards to at least one of the following: If it is on a campus. The project boundary must not include land that is owned by a party other than that which owns the LEED projects.
Must Be A Complete. LEED projects must include at least one existing building in its entirery. You must incI. No moving allowed! If a building is designated to move at any point in its lifetime they cannot pursue LEED certification. Not only the project.
You must have at lease square feet These are critical! If non-compliance is discovered at any point. Existing BUildings: If the project scope does not involve significant design and construction activities and focuses more on operations and maintenance activities.
A major renovation involves major HVAC renovation. It is a whole-building rating system. Because there are many unknowns in a core and shell project type i. New Construction allows for the whole-building freestanding retai I buildings. The rating system is targeted to single buildings.
Tenants who lease their space or do not occupy the entire building are eligible. If there are multiple buildings on the same campus.
Commercial Interiors allows tenants to certify their build-out. Tenant Lease or Sales Agreement. Depending on how the project is structured. The rating system encourages owner. Commercial Interiors of the retail environment product and address the different lines. The Rati ng system can be used for projects in which the developer controls the design' and construction of the entire core and shell base building such as the mechanical. The rating system addresses exterior building site maintenance programs.
Above 3 stories. This requirement includes. A large variety of project sizes is eligible. Receive reviewer feedback. Submit applications for review. Current participants 'are in areas with significant previous development and existing infrastructure.
Eligible projects successfully protect and enhance the overall health.
The land-use planning of an entire neighborhood. Complete documentation Upload supporting gfiles. The rating system focuses specifically on single-family and small multifamily homes.
Whether or not the creditlprerequisite is a design or construction phase credit. Appeal Review: If you haven't been awarded a credit after the preliminary and final reviews. You will be required to pay a flat registration fee up front at the time 'of registration. Preliminary Review: The review occurs prior to completion of the permitting The certification process. The review encompasses the completed neighborhood development.
LEED for Homes has five steps and different project team players. You can submit new documents and provide a response in order to demonstrate that your team has achieved the prerequisite or credit.
BC tlesign pll. Once a project team submits design and construction for review to phase documentation Is LEED right for you? If it isn't awarded and there are questions or missing documents. Project Registration and Certification Process Certification Fee The LEED certification fee is based on the rating system that the project is certifying under and the size of the project.
Final Review: This is when the project team will have the chance to directly address the comments from the preliminary review. Development has three. There is an additional fee associated with the appeal review. You will be required to enter basic project details.. The project may contain noncontiguous parcels.
Projects located on publicly owned campuses that do not have internal property lines shall delineate a sphere-of-influence line to be used in place of a property line. GBCI responds with a Credit Interpretation eIR when they require clarification on their approach to achieving a specific prerequisite or credit. The phrase "project site" is equivalent to the land and water inside the project boundary.
There is a fee for submitting a eIR. These are universal requirements meant to provide an explanation of your project scope and highlights: Typical floor plans. Tier I Tier III '" o The project boundary is the platted property line of the project defining land and water within it. Projects may also have enclaves of nonproject properties that are not subject to the rating system.
These include the gross square footage of the building and the number of occupants. Project details also must be provided and applied consistently across all LEED credits. For multiple-building For developments. You will be notified immediately if you are chosen for an audit and will be notified of your eligibility within 14 days. You must agree to the Disciplinary Policy and Credential Maintenance Requirements as outlined at www. This level is currently under development.
Fellows will contribute to the standards of practice and body of knowledge for achieving continuous improvement in the green building field. A Green Associate credential attests to the candidate's knowledge of good environmental practice and skill.
This tier will distinguish an elite class of leading professionals. You must have previous experience with a LEED Registered Project within three years of your application submittal date.
Individual benefits: ED certification process. The Disciplinary Policy also establishes a fair process for addressing noncompliance. Hearing Committee. These committees operate independently the final decision maker on behalf of GBCI. GBCI created a Disciplinary Policy that serves as a code of conduct for individuals seeking certification. Matters are investigated by a Disciplinary Review Committee and presented for judgment before a Disciplinary of each other. Abide by laws related to the profession and to general public health and safety; and Carry out their professional work in a competent and objective manner..
Identify as many examples as you can of projects that meet the criteria to be rated under each of the LEED rating systems. They don't have to be projects green enough to be certified, just that are of the right type for the rating system.
The carbon overlay in LEED is used for what purpose? To identify the major contributors to environmental degradation c. To quantify the relative impact of different energy efficiency measures d. To rank the feasibility of various green building strategies. Which of the following is a primary responsibility of the U. Green Building Council? What is the procedure required to achieve LEEDcertification? Register a project with GBCI, pay. Identify each credit component.
Retain a LEED professional, register the project, and pay applicable tees. Submit documentation, certification fees: Consider the following events and evaluate Within your small groups how your topic area is affected. A development company is designing a seven-story, ,OOO-squarefoot condominium building. The developers will be responsible for completing the interior finishes, but will not be suppl. What LEEDrating system would be most relevant for this project type?
LEE[ for Homes c. Register the project with GBCI, demonstrate environmental and pay applicable fees. After one year of occupancy and. You may also view the video on a large screen at www. After the' project team has Interiors registered and submitted all project. After final punch-list items are complete and all review fees are paid. Draw a LEED boundary and provide an explanation for the area selected.
Answer Key on Page After building completion and once all submittals and clarifications reviewed. The Iicensed-prof. Achieve continuing b. Capture federally credits for the project. Bypass otherwise submittals. Streamline the permitting process in required education tax credit for primary team members.
Cover up the left side of the page and test yourself to see if you can summarize the defi nitions of the followi ng key terms.
Or better yet, make flash cards. A team is unclear whether a proposed project strategy will achieve a specific LEEDcredit the team is pursuing. Prior to submiHing the CIR for review, which strat,egies should the project team consider select three?
Review the credit intent and selfevaluate whether the strategy meets that intent. Review past CI Rs to see whether this issue has been addressed past. Consult the appropriate in the. Contact its local chapter to receive a preliminary ruling. Identify other issues to address with in the CI R. A voluntary, consensus-based, market-driven building rating system based on existing, proven technology. Through its use as a design guideline and third-party certification tool, the LEED Green Building Rating System aims to improve occupant well-being, environmental performance, and economic returns using established and innovative practices, standards, and technologies.
Transportation the economy. Use paving and provide shade possible. The selection and development of IS Now that we know the the impacts is. Human health is affected by transportation in numerous ways.
Four key issues help define how a project's location affects the sustainability of the project over its lifetime. The economic cost of purchasing gas and oil to fuel these vehicles represents a significant portion of a household's expenditures. Site selection. Provide easy-access to mass transit Transportation So What?
Buildings and the way we develop land generate has profound impacts on the environment. Strategies Locate the project near mass transit. You can't drive there if there's nowhere to park. Beyond the environmental cost of vehicle transportation lies a huge economic cost to build and maintain roads. Making it easy for people to get places. But perhaps most troublesome in physical activity that has come with the increased use of vehicles. There are many ways developers encourage and design teams can Photo by Kalpana Kuttaiah this behavior.
Make it easy on employees to take the bus or train to work by picking a site that is within easy walking distance of bus or train stops. With the incidence of obesity and overweight individuals rising at alarming rates in this country. Vehicle emissions are one of the leading contributors smog. Use cool roof install green roofs. Challenge the perception of how much parking is really needed to support the project. Nothing speaks louder than cash.
Go even further by actually providing an alternative-fuel vehicle for building occupants' usage. Photos courtesy of Urban-Advantage. Strategies Encourage earpccling. Instead of a sprawling one-story development. Site Selection So What? After Site Redevelopment. They are often well located. Even within a site. Old buildings offer more than history.
This will maximize the square footage inside your building while minimizing the amount of land that is being used. Provide the best parking spots for alternativefuel vehicles. Strategies A sustainable site is one that is located within or near existing development infrastructure to leverage existing and provide basic services to building occupants. Take the next step by providing electric-car charging stations.. Directing development through intentional planning preserves natural areas for enjoyment and recreation.
Support alternative transportation. Reward employees or shoppers who arrive by bike. Photo by Shawn Hamlin sites that have been previously developed. Protect habitat. Give the best parking spots to those who carpool. Appropriate development of sites away from critical natural habitats can Choose' redevelopment. Selecting sites based on their environmental impact on the environment.
The loss ofland overtime to development lessens the biodiversity of both plant and animal species. Help organize building occupants so they know their options for commuting. Leave undeveloped areas with critical habitats undamaged and undeveloped. Reuse is one of the single most important concepts of sustainability.
Envi ron ment: Destruction of wildlife habitats for new development displaces native animals. Strategies Build small. Efficient spaces are smart and meet people's needs without being excessive. Maintaining plant species that are not well adapted to an area is costly in terms of watering and the use of fertilizers and pesticides.
Not every bui Iding needs a green lawn in front of it.. Minimize hardscape There are lots of people involved in taking care of a building. Reduce light pollution. Photo by Adrain Velicescu Community: Place matters. Minimize water usage. A sustainable landscape entails not only designing and creating. Projects that are plunked down on a site without any regard for the local environment can tax local resources and wreak havoc on their surroundings.
Water flows right over hard surfaces Iike paved parking lots Don't leave it up to chance that everyone will understand the importance of green. Consider using materials that allow water to flow through them. Lighting from building's pollutes the night sky. Think small. Instead of using a black roof or asphalt.. The Economy: Write a plan for taking care of the building.
Use reflective materials. Landscape 'designs that use plants that grow naturally inan area add to people's sense of place and cut down on the amount of water needed to keep the landscape looking good Sustainable landscapes are those that reduce environmental impacts. Ever run barefoot across black pavement to get to your car in the summer?
Black absorbs heat. When projects ignore the context around them. Site Design and Management So What? Location isn't everything. Control stormwater. Such systems carry huge up-front installation costs as w. Nature knows best. Stormwater Management So What? The fastest-growing source of surface-water degradation is the expansion of impervious surfaces. Green roofs and pervious pavers are good ways to get water to infiltrate a site. The loss of existing plants and animals can be devastating.
Photo courtesy of Green Building Services Increased urbanization in turn. Surface-water quality can be improved by properly managing stormwater runoff. What better way to respect the vaIue of ra in than 'by saving it? Depending on the size of your project. Outdoor Filtration System. Strategies Harvest rainwater. Surface water provides recreational opportunities in the form of swimming. The cost of providing man-made infrastructure to handle stormwater your site is to slow it down.
Rain gardens and bioswales are simply technical terms for landscape features that are designed to capture and slow down water leaving the site after a big storm. Photo by Kalpana Kuttaiah is Significant. Think of ways to get stormwater to stay on your site rather than directing it away. Development frequently disturbs a site's natural ecological system. Starting with the first person. Within the groups. What are their pluses and minuses as sustainable sites? Support for alternative transportation Minimized hardscape Minimized water usage Reflective materials Storm water control Rainwater harvesting.
Where are the opportunities? Come back together as one large group and share your findings. Why do we care about light pollution? Site Iighti ng Heat island effect How can you minimize imperv. Split into three small groups. What are these? Why is it beneficial to develop in high-density areas and use existing i: Reduced heat island effect b.
A project that specifies exterior surfaces with high solar reflectance index SRI values is contributing to which environmental benefit?
Provide a carpooling incentive to building occupants. Removed from other development 4. To achieve this. Prior to final selection of the project site. Provide occupants a fuel subsidy. Use pervious paving materials for the parking area. Rainwater harve. Does not trespass onto adjacent properties. Reduce stormwater runoff d. Vehicle miles traveled d.
Select drought-tolerant plantings. Availability of public transportation c. Draining of local aquifers b. Support for renewable energy c. Reduces the need for night-time security. Nonpoint-source pollution An industrial facility is located in an area with no public transportation. Recreational boating c. Locate parking underground.
Which strategies should it consider select two? What metric is the best indicator of transportation impacts associated with a building project?
Parking capacity 5. The team wants to increase the open space on the project site. Compliant with the green design criteria b. Install solar panels to power parking. Implement a construction activity poll ution plan.. Previously undeveloped d. Increase the floor-to-area ratio of the building. In which ways ca. A project adjacent to protected forestland that is home to a variety of plant and animal life wants to reduce the impact of its site lighting.
Upgrade the company cars to hybrids. Compliant with the sustainable building codes c. Street grid density b. Reduce potable water usage c. Eliminate sewage piping c. Adequately illuminates the night sky. A project is in the pre-design phase and the site has already been selected. What is acknowledged as' one of the greatest threats to surface-water quality? Protection of the dark-sky initiative d. Decrease percolation rates b. Or better yet..
A diversity of housing types allows households of different types. A neighborhood that includes a diversity of uses In LEED. Bioswale and vegetation to slow and detain stormwater. Previously used or developed land that may Cover up the left side of the page and test yourself to see if you can summarize the definitions of the following key terms. Redevelopment on brownfields provides an important opportunity to restore degraded urban.
Building Footprint the building plan. Development D. The amount of connection between a site and The variety of life in all forms. The floor area of the building divided by the total area of the site square feet per acre.
JlJ fu pollution. Iand while promoting infill arid reducing sprawl. Building Density. Community Connectivity proximity of the site to homes. Parking lots. Once any environmental Brownfield has been remediated.
Vehicles that use low-polluting. A stormwater control feature that uses a. Native plants are considered low maintenance and not invasive. On undeveloped sites. Wet ponds serve a similar function but are designed to hold water all the time.
Excavated areas that detain stormwater and Dry Ponds slow runoff but are dry between rain events. Impervious' surfaces prevent rainwater from infiltrating into the ground. Rain Garden The absorption of heat by hardscapes. Native and Adapted Plants Native plants occur naturally ina given location and ecosystem. A lOO-year storm. Avoiding development on prime lands. In green building. To-Area Ratio area and the allowable land area the building can cover. The resistance of a material to penetration by a liquid.
Using "cooler" materials helps prevent the urban heat island effect the absorption of heat by roofs and pavement and its radiation to the ambient air and minimizes demand for cool ing of nearby buildings.
The percentage of the surface area of a paving Floodplain Land that is likely to be flooded by a storm of a given size e. Prime Farmland farmland helps protect agricultural are needed for food production. Adapted plants are not native to a location but grow rei iably with minimal attention from humans..
The relationship between the total building floor Previously undeveloped land with soil su itable for cultivation. Site Disturbance construction activity. Using native and adapted plants can reduce the amount of water required for irrigation. A footcandle is equal to one Foot Candle lumen per square foot. A measure of the amount of illumination falling A stormwater management feature consisting of an excavated depression and vegetation that collects and filters runoff and reduce peak discharge rates.
Particularly in Heat Island Effect urban areas. The total imperviousness of a surface. Minimizing the number of footcandles of site lighting helps reduce light pollution and protect dark skies and nocturnal animals.
Centerline miles are the length of a road Street Grid Density down its center. An indicator of neighborhood density. All precipitation that leaves project site boundaries on the surface is considered stormwater runoff.. Xeriscaping adaptable and low-water plants. Transportation Demand Management The process of reducing peak-period vehicle trips.
In highoccupancy autos. A community with high street grid density and narrow. Water from precipitation that flows over surfaces Stormwater Runoff into sewer systems or receiving water bodies. Capture rainwater. Treat wastewater on-site apparent.
The built environment increasingly difficult for water to naturally recharge the system. Ensuring safe. Talk about resources that aren't priced according to their true value-water has to be one of the most underpriced commodities.
In order to keep a supply of water. Another cost -saving measure is that when you use less water. In short. Between increasing demand and shrinking supply. So What? Co mmunity: An easy way to organize your thinking about water efficiency is to consider it based on the three areas of usetor a project.
Efficiency measures. While the economics of saving water today might not be that impressive. As you've read. W In this chapter. Use flow restrictors and sensors on lavatory.
This also includes water used for dishwashing or washing machines. Reduce the use of chemicals and potable water in cooling towers. Xeriscaping is another term for landscaping design that focuses on using plants that are native to an area and therefore require little water.
Plants that thrive naturally in an area do so for a reason they have adapted to the soil and climate and therefore require little maintenance. Strategies Improved landscape design and maintenance potable water outdoors. Collecting or harvesting rainwater for use in toilets can take the strain off municipal potable water supplies. Meters identify where water is being used so you can tell if you have a leak or some other issue. Strategies Use efficient fixtures.
Photo by Gary Crawford Install meters. It's hard to fix a problem if you don't know what the problem is. Low-flow toilets.. Photo by James Simmons Ose xeriscaping. Outdoor Water What about outside? Outdoor water uses. Well-designed building systems don't need to use excessive amounts of potable water. Plants drink from their roots. Sprinklers are great for runni ng through on a hot summer day.
At the building management level. Photo by Jennifer L. Owens Strategies. Use nonpotab'le water. Submeters help identify leaks and let you know where your water is going.
Use nonpotable water. Strategies Select efficient irrigation technologies.. Install submeters. Process water refers to all the other water used in. This includes the water used in dishwashers. Nonpotable water refers to water that isn't fit for humans to drink but is safe for watering plants. Process water systems can have leaks and maintenance issues. Capturing rainwater from the roof and using it as watertor irrigation is one option for usi ng the water that falls on the site.
Closed-loop systems keep water clean in a contaminant-free Process Water r: Instal'l submeters. What are some strategies for reducing water consumption?
Give everyone two minutes to list as many water efficiency strategies as they see. Show the image so that all participants can see it.
What are the goals of the Water Efficiency category? Then place the items below in the correct category. Water Efficiency Further identify which of these items could potentially use nonpotable water.
Share the results with everyone. Potable water use b. Nonpotable water use e. Process water use. Graywater e. Increase the coverage of turf grass d. The Clean Water Act. Select noninvasive plants Municipally supptied reclaimed water is considered? What is the prima: What is the baseline water use for water closets?
Toilet flushing e Indoor plumbing water use d. Process water use c. Drinking water Galions per Flush gpf water closets. National Environmental Pol icy Act 5. Install submeters b. Process water d. Select locally adapted plants c. Energy Policy Act of c. Rroject uses reclaimed water in its cooling towers? Wastewater from toilets and urinals.
Ice making Cover up the left side of the page and test yourself to see if you can summarize the definitions of the following key terms.
Free water b. Installing submeters b. Wastewater from toilets and urinals is known as? Showers d. Act of EPAct flow and flush rates. The baseline case represents the Energy Policy 2. Brownwater b. Nonpotable water is typicaUy suitable for which of the following uses select two?