Buku sejarah indonesia kelas xii kurikulum 2013 pdf

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Kelas XII Kurikulum wo, 27 mrt GMT (PDF) Tahun Pelajaran / SMA Negeri 3 Depok - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia Sejarah. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for negara. Kurikulum menyadari peran penting Bahasa Inggris tersebut Pendidikan Menengah Kelas XII yang disajikan dalam buku ini disusun Buku Pegangan Siswa Sejarah Indonesia SMA Kelas 12 Kurikulum teshimaryokan.infoess. com. Buku ini diharapkan mampu merealisasikan implementasi Kurikulum di dalam . iv Kelas X SMA/MA/SMK/MAK CHAPTER Issumboshi. . H VOCABULARY BUILDER 13 Match the words with their Indonesian equivalents. Bahasa Inggris Kelas XII: Buku Siswa, Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan,

R Task 2: Include an introductory paragraph, two body paragraphs that contain the ev supporting details, and a concluding paragraph read again task 4 for text 1. Amid all the joyful hubbub. Observe how people take good care of their pets. Depending on the species. Her actual remains lie below, at garden level.

He studies in an elementary school. She will get married. We love Indonesia f. They need attention il g. It barks when it is happy. Objective pronouns are the objects of a sentence: H me him her it us them you 13 Read the following sentences.

Pay attention to the underlined words as examples of objective pronouns. I know Caroline. She introduced me to you via e-mail. My brother is an elementary school student. Sometimes I accompany him to go to school.

My sister is a good student. Her campus gave her scholarship. We love animals. Last week our neighbour gave us a funny ku kitten. They run the family business seriously. Customers like them very much. The fur of the cat is soft. We like to stroke it. Possessive adjectives are words that indicate possession.

Possessive adjectives are used with nouns. Pay attention to the underlined words as examples of possessive adjectives. The possessive adjectives R modify the nouns to show possession. The words in italics are the noun. I have a pen pal. My pen pal is very kind. You have three dogs. Your dogs need a lot of attention. His school is not far. She loves reading books. Her books are in that cupboard. We run the business together. Our business is good.

They frequently come here. This park is their favorite place. The kitten is funny. Possessive pronouns also show possession but possessive pronouns are not followed by nouns. Read the following sentences. Pay attention to the underlined words K. This is my book. This book is mine. These are your dog. These dogs are yours. His school is far from here. His is far. Her book is interesting. Hers is interesting.

Their family business is good. Theirs is good. Our plan has many alternatives. Ours has many alternatives. Read the emails in the reading section again.

Underline all pronouns that you can ind. Fill in the blanks with the right words. Subjective Pronouns: Objective Pronouns: My friends and I have regular meetings with pen pal seeker group. It is obvious that Marina desperately wants to visit Malang very K.

Possessive Adjectives: Possessive Pronouns: He is very diligent and loves reading. Alice told her pen pal that she admired JK. My pen pals have the same interest with me, which is about writing. Mixed Pronouns and Possesive Adjectives: I have several pen pals from UK.

Alia often tells Hannah about her rehearsal. As for hobbies, we are really into sport and music. My friends and I often spend long holiday in our hometowns. Now, they have become good friends. Guessing Games - Who Am I? Your H teacher will put a post-it paper with one of the words below on your back. You need to work in pairs and guess what the word on your back is by asking questions.

Observe the following 13 examples of the questions. Questions to ask: Introduction Game - Party Time A. Look at the picture. They introduce themselves to each other to know their il acquaintance better. Read the dialog silently irst.

Pay attention as to how to introduce self. Discuss the expressions used with your classmate sitting next to you. Then act out pretending to be Edo and Slamet who introduce themselves to each other. Dokumen Kemdikbud Bu Picture 1. Imagine that you and your classmates are all invited to a party and become the guests there. Think about and use new identities. The new identities make you unfamiliar with each other because that is the irst time you meet.

Talk to each other and introduce yourself: You can use the following questions: Can you tell me what your profession is? Or, What do you do? Do you like painting? Do you like music? Think of other questions. You may also introduce your friends who also use new identities to other guests. Introduce yourself or your friends to at least two people. Use the following questions to guide you. How old K. Where do you attend senior high school?

What are your hobbies? How many siblings do you have? Can you write a letter? Do you know how to describe yourself? Can you write or talk about yourself? Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 2. Tujuan Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 2, siswa diharapkan mampu: Mengidentiikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada ungkapan memberi ucapan selamat dan pujian bersayap serta responnya.

Merespon ucapan selamat dan pujian bersayap dengan menggunakan struktur teks dan unsur bahasa yang tepat sesuai dengan tujuan dan konteks penggunaan. Memberikan ucapan selamat dan pujian bersayap dengan menggunakan struktur teks dan unsur bahasa yang tepat sesuai dengan tujuan dan Bu konteks penggunaan.

Your teacher will tell you how to i is play this guessing game. You have to guess what words that your teacher has described. The group who can guess more words will be the winner. Pay attention to the expressions used to is congratulate people in this case, Alif. Pay attention also to the responses. Many of his friends who work at the same company congratulate him. Alif, congratulations. You deserved it, Man. Thank you very much. This is because you always help me.

I am very happy for you, Alif. Now, that you are the director of the company, I believe the company will develop even faster.

I cannot H forget your collaboration with me, and I will still need your help. Other friends shake his hands and congratulate him too. Oh, thanks. Good for you. Good luck. Well done. Thank you for saying so. That was great. You must be very proud of your achievement. But I still have to learn a lot. Please accept my warmest congratulations, Sir. Bu Alif: Thank you. I must congratulate you on your success. Thank you very much for saying so. Every body is happy. Why do all of those people congratulate Alif?

What expressions do they use to congratulate Alif? How does Alif respond to their congratulating expressions? What is the social purpose of congratulating people?

When do we congratulate people? What are the expressions commonly used to congratulate il people? Read the dialog silently. Pay attention to the expression used to congratulate people. Discuss the meaning with your classmate. H After that read aloud the dialog in pairs.

One of you become Cita, the other becomes Ditto. Then, discuss the answer to the questions. Text 2 13 Cita has won the irst winner of the story telling competition in her school.

Her best friend congratulated her. Cita, congratulations for being the irst winner of the K. You really did it well. Thanks, Ditto. I heard that you will be the representative of our school in ku the story telling competition of our regency. Is it true? I hope you will win as well in the next competition. I hope so. Bu Cita: Wish me luck. What good news about Dita does Ditto know? What does Ditto say to Dita related to the news? What do the expressions mean?

How does Dita respond to what Ditto says?

Kurikulum 2013 pdf sejarah indonesia kelas xii buku

Complete the following table with the expressions of congratulations and the responses you ind in the preceding dialogs. The irst row R is done for you. You deserved Thank you very much.

Your support means a lot. As an example see number 1. The answer for number 1 is as wonderful. Hi, Yuni. In fact, she plans to graduate this June.

Bu 1 You must be very proud of her. Hi Abdel. How is your business, Ria? R Ria: Dokumen Kemdikbud Ria: Picture 2. You look gorgeous in this wedding dress! By the way, congratulations for Bu the 1st prize. Great job, Man! Dokumen Kemdikbud Ihsan: Complete the following conversations with your own words. Conversation 1 Rani: Hi, Anisa. Hi, you look great in that pink head scarf. What a nice is scarf! Where did you buy it? My mom bought it for me when she went to the market. I see. The teacher is coming!

Pak Sultoni. Hi, how are you? Thanks a lot. Rani, I heard you won the Math Olympiad. Yes, I won the second prize last week. Conversation 2 13 Rudi: Hi Ben. How are you? Hi, you look great in that black jacket.

Is it new? My sister bought it for me when she went to Singapore. Oh, I see. What a nice new hair style! Where did you have a haircut? I like it a lot. My brother did it.

Yes, please. Andi is coming. Hi Andi, I heard you won the Speech Contest last month. Play scissors, rock, and paper. The partner makes an expression of congratulations. For example, the R winner chooses situation 5. Your new bag is gorgeous.

After that, start all over again by doing the scissors, rock, il and paper again, and so forth. Continue doing that with all the situations provided in the table below. Two cards have been done for you as examples. Write at least two sentences. Dear Tomy, Congratulations on your i promotion. Zettira R Source: She wants il 2 to be the best chef and plans to open her own restaurant. Her parents are happy because she has been brave K. The house has a large garden so that they 4 can enjoy gardening on the weekends.

Your aunt has got married to a man she loves. They met when they were involved in a medical 6 mission in the Middle East. Rina and Rudi, ku So many paths to choose from -- yet a moment here, a different turn there, and you may never have met to experience a love so right! Read the dialog silently and carefully. Pay attention to the H complimenting expressions and the responses.

How are things going on, Sinta? Good, and you? How was your weekend with your family in Batu? We had a lovely time there. You should have gone there with us. Hey, what a beautiful skirt you are wearing. It matches your blouse. My sister bought it for me last month. Oh, Rahmi, can I ask you something? Oh, sure. Have you inished writing the book we discussed two months ago? Come to my room. Look at this. What do you Bu think?

I like the cover. Let me see the contents. This book is excellent. You really did a great job. Your publisher should send it to all bookstores here. The publisher will do it for me. I am proud of you, Rahmi. Have a nice day! You, too. Read aloud the dialog with a classmate. Pay attention to the complimenting expressions and the responses too. Read the following notes about complementing 13 expressions.

After that perform the dialogs in the following that with your classmates. Compliment is useful to give encouragement so that people will keep on doing their best and even improve their performance.

Can you think of other situations when you need to compliment? Dokumen Kemdikbud Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud H Picture 2. Work in pairs and practice complimenting and responding to the compliments. One of you become A and the other becomes Bu B.

Riza is working really hard. Ami compliments Riza. Riza responds to the compliment happily. Firda is showing a very nice i drawing. Fadhil compliments is Firda. Firda responds to the compliment. Wayan is wearing a new pair of shoes. Angelina compliments Wayan. Wayan responds to the R compliment.

Zainab looks beautiful in her new Source: Dokumen Kemdikbud skirt. Raymond compliments Siti. The partner responds to the expression. After that, do the scissors, rock, and paper again. Continue doing that with all K. Compliments ku Situation 1 You see your friend with her new haircut. Situation 2 Your sister drives very well. Bu Situation 3 Your best friend handled a problem successfully.

Situation 5 i Your classmate submitted her project on time. R Situation 8 Your friend has a new T-shirt. H - In turns, give a compliment to your classmates and respond to that nicely. Do you know how to congratulate people and when do you need to do that? Do you also know how to compliment people, and when do H you need to do that?

Dokumen Kemdikbud Picture 3. Setelah mempelajari Bab 3, siswa diharapkan mampu: Mengidentiikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan dalam teks lisan dan tulis untuk menyatakan dan menanyakan tentang niat melakukan sesuatu sesuai dengan konteks.

Menyatakan secara lisan dan tulis niat melakukan sesuatu dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar sesuai konteks. Menanyakan secara lisan dan tulis niat melakukan sesuatu dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan yang Bu benar sesuai konteks. Do you know these places? Why do you think people visit these places? What can i they do there?

Which one do you prefer to visit? JPG Picture 3. Make a list of any words nouns or verbs that are related to the pictures.

The words that you ind should start with i letters A to Z. Ferris wheel big wheel S: Task 1: Read aloud the following conversation. Take turns with your classmates doing the roles.

Then, answer the questions following that. A long weekend is coming. Riri, Santi, and Bayu are talking about their holiday plans. Pay attention to the pronunciation Bu and intonation of the dialog below. It will be a long weekend soon. Do you have any plans? I think I might stay at home. Stay at home? Well, you could do something more interesting!

So, what about you Bayu? My dad and I are going to go ishing. Are you going to go ishing in the river near your ev house? Would you like to come with us? That sounds great. But I would rather stay at R home than go ishing.

What about you, Riri? What would you like to do on the long weekend? I have made a plan with my mother about what to do on as this long weekend. We are going to practice baking cookies. That sounds like a very good plan! H Bayu: Are you going to bake choco chips cookies like the last time? Well, yes. That is my favorite. But we will also try to make ginger cookies.

Lucky you. Ha ha, ha. Do you still want to stay home alone? Or, would you like to join me to learn baking cookies? You K. Or will you go ishing with me and my dad? I think I would like to bake cookies with Riri. Thanks for inviting me, Riri. No problem. I will tell you the time on Friday. Have a nice long weekend, everyone. Bu Riri, Santi: You too.

Answer the comprehension questions below based on the dialog. What are Bayu, Riri, and Santi discussing? Who already have the plan for the weekend? What are their plans? What do the sentences typed in bold express? When do people use those expressions? Task 2: R Later, Riri, Bayu, and Santi talk again about the plan. This time they want to do something together. Continue the conversation based on the given hint.

Bu What do you need to consider before visiting a place? Discuss with your friends. You may use more than one word. See number 1 and 2 i is as the examples. I would like to save money to buy new shoes in a department store.

I am going to ride the Ferris wheel in the amusement park. Look at the excerpt from the dialog below. Pay attention to the bold-typed expressions. So, what about you, Bayu? Bu Santi: I would rather stay at home than go ishing. I have made a plan with my mother about what to do on this long weekend. Are you going to bake choco chips cookies like the other day? But we are going to try to make ginger cookies too. Oh, would you like to join me to learn baking cookies?

R Santi: Uhm, not ishing I guess. But I think I would like to bake cookies with Riri. Thanks for asking me to join you Riri. Identify the bold-typed expressions and ill in the table below with the question and statement forms of the expressions. H See the example. My dad and I are 1. In daily life, it is common for us to tell other people about our intention or K. We also frequently ask them, or they ask us about about that. For asking, we use the question form. Read again the dialog among Riri, Bayu, and Santi in this chapter to see ku how the expressions are used in conversations.

Make up short dialogs for the following situations. Read the answer of number 1 as an example.

Pdf 2013 kurikulum buku kelas sejarah xii indonesia

You plan to do the Biology project at the library after school. You ask your classmate, Rina, to do it together with you. I am going to do my biology project at the library after school. Rina, are you going to do that today, too? I am going to do it today. The sooner we inish it the better. We can go to the library together. You plan to go to the movie this weekend.

You ask several friends to go with you. Two of your friends deinitely agree with you, but the other two cannot make up their minds.

Use the expressions R in the previous section in the conversation. School holiday is coming soon. You want to ind out what your friend is planning. Use the expressions in the previous section in the K. You and your classmates are discussing the plan for the class performance. One of them seems to disagree with the idea because he thinks that it will need a lot of money. Use the expressions in the previous section in the conversation. However, one of them makes an excuse for not going.

Act out one of the dialogs for the class. Task 3: Make formal speech and perform if in front of the class. Follow the i steps given. First, imagine that you are running for the president of the ev student organization. You are preparing a campaign for the president of the student organization. List the promises you will make during the speech. For example: If I am elected as the president of the student organization, I will il support sport competition in our school. We are going to have more regular practices of sports like soccer and badminton so as that we can win in competitions.

I would also like to Present your speech in front of the class. Use I would like to … and I am going to….. Use K. Holiday plan 1. Where would you like to go on holiday? Would you like to go somewhere interesting or stay at home? If you are spending your holiday away from home, where would you like to go?

If you stay at home, what do you plan to do? Do you know when to use the expressions? For example, you i make a plan, called plan A, but you need to make a back- is up plan called plan B, just in case something happens.

Setelah mempelajari Bab 4, siswa diharapkan mampu: Mengidentiikasi makna, fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada teks deskriptif sederhana lisan dan tulis tentang ku tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah sesuai dengan penggunaan.

Menjelaskan isi deskripsi lisan dan tulis tentang tempat wisata dan bangunan bersejarah dengan memperhatikan tujuan komunikasi, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskriptif sesuai konteks penggunaan. Mendeskripsikan secara lisan dan tulis tempat wisata atau bangunan bersejarah dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks deskripsi secara benar sesuai konteks penggunaan.

Play this game in groups of four. Find the word that does not belong to the same category as the other words in the same group. That word is the odd word the odd man. Look at the example. Compete with other groups to inish this game. After you read it, scan the text quickly to ind the English equivalents for the i Indonesian words below. You are given the dashes and some letters is of the English words as the clues. Each dash represents a letter. After you ind the words, compare your answer to your friends.

Now, read text 1 carefully. What do you think about the place i described below? Visitors from foreign countries come to this park R because of its amazing nature. This is called a park, but unlike any park that you have seen in your city, this is a jungle! It is a real jungle, which is home to the most interesting animal in the world: Orangutans, which literally mean the man of the forest, are the largest arboreal animal as on the planet.

Most of their lives are spent in trees where orangutans travel from branch to branch by climbing or swinging with their long arms. Camp Leakey is a rehabilitation place for ex-captive orang utans and also a preservation site. It is also a famous center for research about orangutans which has been conducted by the famous primatologist Dr. Birute Galdikas 13 since Here visitors can see daily feedings to orangutans at jungle platforms as part of the rehabilitation process to their natural habitat.

This event gives them opportunity to see orangutans up close. To reach the place, we should take K. The boat is popularly called perahu klotok which is a boathouse that can accommodate four people. The trip by the boat to Camp Leakey takes three days and two nights. You sleep, ku cook, and eat in that klotok, night and day during your journey into the jungle. The traveling in the boat offers an unforgettable experience. In daylight, on your way to Camp Leakey, you can Bu see trees illed with proboscis monkeys, monkeys that have enormous snout which can only be found in Kalimantan.

The Source: A troop of 30 light-brown monkeys may plunge from branches 10 meters or higher into the river and cross directly in front of the boat. At night, you can enjoy i the clear sky and the amazingly bright stars as the only lights for the is night. With such exotic nature, no wonder many tourists from foreign countries who love ecotourism frequently visit Tanjung Puting National ev Park.

What about you? Text sources: Answer the following questions briely. Based on the text, can you guess what ecotourism is? Give some examples of other ecotourism destinations. As one of ecotourism destinations, what does Tanjung Puting National Park offer to tourists? How is the park different from the parks in cities? What does the word ex-captive tell you about the orangutans in Camp Leakey, which is a rehabilitation site for orangutans? How can people reach Camp Leakey?

What is special about the means of transportation to Camp 13 Leakey. What can tourists enjoy during their trip to Camp Leakey? What do you think is the most interesting scene in Tanjung Puting National Park? How important is the research by Dr. Birute Galdikas? How is each paragraph related to each other?

What is the most dominant tense used in this text? Tourists probably bring food and snacks in paper or plastic packages when they visit Tanjung Puting National Park.

What should they do with the wastes? If you were also a tourist, what would you do? Bu Task 4: Rearrange the place of the main ideas in the right column to match it with the purpose of each paragraph.

Orangutan is the to introduce the main reason why i subject people come to is Tanjung Puting National Park. Paragraph 2 Supporting b.

Camp Leakey is ev paragraph that where we can see describes the subject orangutans. R Paragraph 3 Supporting c. People from foreign paragraph that countries come describes the subject because of its exotic nature. Tanjung Puting paragraph that National Park is describes the subject an internationally famous ecotourism destination because H of its amazing nature. Paragraph 5 Supporting e.

To go to Camp paragraph that Leaky we should 13 describes the subject take perahu klotok down the Sekonyer river. Paragraph 6 Concluding f. The travelling by K. A descriptive text describes a particular object like a place, thing, ku or person.

Bu How is a descriptive text constructed? It starts with an opening paragraph. In the paragraph there is a topic sentence that introduces the object going to be described. A series of paragraphs follow the opening to describe the parts or the features or the speciic characteristics of the subject. The tourist had never seen such a big monkey.

The location makes it easy to reach from all directions. When people hear the words Tanjung Kodok, they may associate K. We may not keep endangered animals that are protected by the law as our pet. Use the irst letter as the clue. After you get the words, read text 2 and check whether the i meaning of the words suits the context of the sentences. Read the following text carefully. While reading, think about R the similarity or difference between the following text with the previous one about Tanjung Puting National Park.

Text 2 il as H 13 Taken from: Taj Mahal, an epitome of love, is actually a mausoleum. Standing majestically on the banks of River Yamuna, the Taj Mahal is synonymous to love and romance. Taj Mahal was constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory ku of his beloved wife and queen.

Taj Mahal represents the inest architectural and artistic Bu achievement. The mausoleum was constructed of pure white marble. As you read. Jawa Timur. In addition to my responsibilities as manager. Please call me after 4. Dear Mr. As you can see from my enclosed resume.

I can be reached via telephone number or by email at lilish yahoo. June I also developed time management tools for staff using Access 6 Thank you for your time and consideration. What position is being advertised? What is the purpose of writing the letter? How did Lilis Handayani know the vacancy? What other responsibilities does she have at the moment? Vocabulary Building Based on the context of the text. To whom is the letter sent? What has her current position provided with?

Who wrote the application letter? How do you know? Does Lilis indicate her willingness for an interview? Find the evidence from the text. Questioning Activities Do you still have questions? Write down your questions and take turns asking and answering questions with your partner.

Identify relevant words data from the text to support your answers. Vocabulary in Context As you already know the meaning of the new words in the context of the sentences in choosing the right words.

Butet frequently initiates speaking in English with her classmates because one of the ……………….. I support Eva Tuarita to be the new head of our student association because she possesses all the …………….. Ratu Tita has written a letter addressed to the principal of our school asking permission not to attend classes for 2 days because we will join an English speech competition.

The letter is our completed application letter to join the event, which is also signed by our. English teacher. As good……………, our teachers visited our English teacher who has been sick for a week. Task 6: Pronunciation Practice 1. Grammar Review - Passive Voice Task 1: Read the following sentences.

Observe the italicized verbs.

Buku Pegangan Siswa Bahasa Inggris SMA Kelas 12 Kurikulum 2013-Www.matematohir.wordpress.com

I can also be reached by email. Three references are enclosed in the application letter. Did you notice that in all the sentences you found be am, is, are, was, or were and past participles V-3?

Those sentences are called passive sentences. Study the following examples to see how passive sentences are formed from active ones. In the passive voice, the subjects disappear. Passive voices are usually used when the subjects doers are not really important, therefore they might be erased from the sentences.

In passive voice, the process is more important than the doer. He manages the local branch of a national shoe retailer. He developed time management tools for staff. She will enclose her resume in the application letter. Those numbers represent parts of the application letter as follows.

The address of the company you are writing to. Use complete title and address; don't abbreviate. Opening paragraph — Use this paragraph to specify which job you are applying for, or, if you are writing to inquire whether a job position is open, question the availability of an opening. Do not simply restate what is contained in your resume, but give strong reasons why you are suited to the position.

Closing paragraph — Use the closing paragraph to ensure action on the part of the reader. One possibility is to ask for an interview appointment time. Make it easy for the personnel department to contact you by providing your telephone number and email address. Always sign the application letter. Which part indicates the address of the job applicant? Which part indicates the address of the company the letter is sent to? Which part indicates the person in charge? Which part indicates the opening of the letter?

What information is provided? Which part contains any information that matches the Which paragraph closes the application letter? What information is written in this part? Where do you put your signature? January The following text is another example of an application letter. Read it carefully. Observe and study the questions carefully. Discuss your answers with your friends. Associating Writing Task 1: Read the following job vacancy carefully.

In pairs. Refer back to the comprehension questions under the application letter written by Lilis Handayani. Manager Task 2: Write an application letter to respond to the above job vacancy. Use these points about parts of application letters to help you. Write your address. Yani Sukamakmur Attn.

Buku Pegangan Siswa Bahasa Inggris SMA Kelas 12 Kurikulum teshimaryokan.info

Write down the name of the person in charge. Write down any necessary information in the closing. Write the address of the company your application letter is sent to. Sign your application letter.

Feliks Diansyah. Jalan A. Write down any necessary information in the opening of the letter. Do you know how to write an application letter? Have you been able to understand the purpose of an application letter? Do you know what information appears in an application letter? Exchange with friends. Find another example of application letters in the internet. Can you respond well to the interviewer during a job interview? Chapter 6: Setelah mempelajari Bab 6. Check your answers with your friends.

Listen to the text. Guess the sounds of these animals. What What What What does does does does the the the the little bird say? What What What What does does does does the the the the pig say? Use the provided clues to help you. Listen to your teacher reading aloud a text about reptiles.

Answer Questions 1. What does cold-blooded mean? Your answer will help you describe reptiles. What does the word reptile mean? How do reptiles breathe? What animals are mentioned as the examples of reptiles? Oral description Listen to your teacher again. What do reptiles look like? Reading Task 1: Observe and compare.

Try to answer the questions in Task 1. In groups. Observe these two texts about reptiles. So were the ancient dinosaurs.

Volume 2. The most probable explanation is the climate of the earth changed too much about 60 million years ago for the dinosaurs to continue living. Reptiles are cold-blooded. This means that the temperature of their blood changes when the air temperature changes.

Reptiles usually have as people do. Animals through the Ages: A reptile is an animal that crawls. The huge sized reptiles called Dinosaurs existed in a great variety of sizes.

Most were 25 to 30 feet long and weighed from were as small as chicken! TEXT 1 What is a reptile? The word reptile means that which crawls.

Think about it. Discuss these aspects: Have you ever read anything about zebras? What information about zebras did you get from reading? Do you know that the stripes of zebras have some functions?

Do you think that zebras are black animals with white stripes. In terms of presentation format and writing. Do the texts contain the same type of information?

Before you read the following text about zebras. Several attempts have been made to domesticate Bahasa Inggris After you skim each paragraph. Zebras are probably most famous for their distinctive striped coats. Read and Skim. In addition to being found in parts of Africa.

Zebras are equids. A zebra's gestation period is 13 months. For one thing. Depending on the species. These animals have very stout. There are several different species of zebra.

Like asses. Zebras were among the earliest animals to split from the original equids. Like other equids. When threatened. In all cases. Zebras are herbivores. The stripes also appear to be unique to each animal. Why are zebras called social animals? What is being debated? What is the fact?

Where are zebras generally found? There is some debate as to how to describe the zebra's stripes. Why can zebras adapt to the African land? What does the last sentence mean?

How can people domesticate zebras? While this might seem a bit pedantic. What are the most obvious characteristics of zebras? What do people do to get more-easily-trained animals?

This proves that the zebra is actually black with white stripes. The most common zebra mutations create animals which are darker. What are the functions of the stripes?

Adapted from http: They are typically described as white animals with black stripes. How do zebras prevent themselves from predators? A lot of adjectives are found in the text about zebras. Observe the adjectives. Vocabulary Builder Task 4: Find the meaning of words. An adjective describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.

When necessary. After reading the text about zebras. Adjectives Nouns wild ass distinctive coats memorable animals different species muscular body the nouns that they describe? Write them down here! Read the text again. Observe the text structure. The text about zebras above is called a factual report information report. Underline some other relating verbs in the text! Text Structure Source: They are called relating verbs.

The paragraphs in the text seem to respond to a series of questions about zebras: All the paragraphs that some description about zebras. A factual report aims at describing general phenomena. Observe the relating verbs. The subheadings become the guides in developing the paragraphs. You may use words of nouns. Task 8: Create subheadings. Paragraph 2 Where do zebras live? How relevant is this paragraph to the overall text? Discuss with your friends. In writing a factual report.

Text Structure Questions as Subheading What are zebras? Description Where do zebras live? What do zebras look like? What do zebras eat? What is debatable? What does the animal eat? What is the animal? Find a factual report text. What does the animal look like? What other information about the animal is found in the text? Where does the animal live? Use the following questions to help you select the text.

Look through your text. Present your text neatly and attractively so that the other groups want to read it. Write down the adjectives and the nouns that they describe in the table below. Take turn sharing the information you have with the class. Find the adjectives. Adjesctives Nouns Share what your group has with the class.

Rewrite the sentences that have relating verbs is. Find the relating verbs. Look through your text again. Compare what you have with other groups.

Vocabulary Exercise As you already know the meaning of the new words in the reading the context of the sentences in choosing the right words. He always raises questions that the other students in the class might not think about.

He thought he could not respond to the interview questions well. It started out small. Grammar Exercise Use the correct relating verbs is. Of the four kinds of poisonous snakes living in the United States. Having Mini Project 1. Identify the characteristics that good pet owners have in common. Kind of Pets: Note the characteristics down and explain why your group thinks that each of those characters is essential in taking care of pets. Work in groups. Observe how people take good care of their pets.

Please write and present your text neatly and attractively. Exchange your writing. Record the kinds of pets that have been reported to the class. Discuss in groups the uniqueness of each kind of pets. Choose an animal that you like the help.

Writing Task 1: Other necessary information References: Do not forget to acknowledge the sources you have obtained the information from. Use these subheadings when writing. Pay attention to these points when reading it. Peer Editing Work in pairs. Now write a factual report. Who has created this all? Do you feel grateful? Share what your group has with the class. The use of relating verbs Spelling e. Punctuation Capitalization Formatting References E. Cloze description Fill in the blanks with appropriate adjectives or relating verbs.

Introduction to Academic Writing. What does it look like? Speaking Does anyone of you have an animal as a pet? Study about the characteristics of the animals like your pet in general. Share the information with your friends. Where does it live? Animals are often grouped together according to their similarities. What does it eat? For example. Use these questions to help you. Writing Rearrange the following sentences to form a good paragraph.

How do you keep it? Do you use references? Respond to these questions to check whether you understand how to create a factual report about animals. Do you give necessary description using subheadings appearance. Do you pay attention to spelling. Do you use present verbs? Do you use general information to introduce your topic 2.

Chapter 7: Read the Nature Tujuh Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 7. A jeweler sells watches. Oh about three inches. Comprehension Questions Your teacher is going to read a text about Tsunami. Listen carefully and later you will have to answer the questions. Because he was in the living room. Why is six scared of seven? Because How do bees travel? They take the buzz.

You will be asked to answer some questions. When does the speed of tsunami waves slow down? Do you know what a tornado is? What is a tsunami? What does a tornado look like? What are tsunamis often called? Use the following questions as hints. How long can the tsunami waves last? Oral Description Listen to your teacher again.

Where do you think a tornado is usually found? Tornadoes usually turn counterclockwise. A tornado is usually preceded by severe storms. The tornado is one of the most unpredictable and destructive forces of nature. It can change course without notice. Although a tornado is not always visible to the eye. They appear as funnel shaped columns of violently rotating winds that reach down from a storm and touch the ground. Another name that is often used to describe a tornado is twister.

Taken from http: While the two words are sometimes used interchangeably. Comprehension questions The word tornado comes from Spanish language and means to twist or turn. A tornado is a whirlwind produced by atmospheric conditions. A tornado may also be referred Source: What usually precedes a tornado? Why is a tornado described as a twister? What do tornadoes look like? How do tornadoes usually turn? What does the word some in the last line refer to? Vocabulary Builder Task 3: What does the word tornado mean?

What usually accompanies a tornado? What are the other names of tornadoes? Read the text above carefully. Why is it technically not correct to refer tornadoes as funnel clouds? What is a tornado? After reading the text about tornado. They appear as funnel shaped columns of violently rotating winds. A factual report aims to provide information about natural or social phenomena. In this case. The word means to twist or turn.

They are called the Simple Present Tense. Grammar Review Task 4: Observe the present verbs. Discuss with your friends! Text Structure Task 5: Observe these sentences. Do you know why some verbs end with —s e. The text about tornado above is called a factual report information report.

They reach down from a storm and touch the ground. Mind your pronunciation and intonation. Read the text below carefully. A tsunami is a giant wave or series of waves created by an undersea earthquake. Parts of the Text Questions to Answer Paragraph 1: Where does the word tornado come from?

What does it mean? Description Paragraph 2: Paragraph 3: What special features do tornadoes have? Paragraph 4: What other special feature do tornadoes have?

All the paragraphs that follow contain some description about tornado. The description answers to these questions: What is it? What special features does it have? Not all undersea earthquakes or other seismic events create The article is taken from: One thing is certain about tsunamis: Far out in the ocean.

As a tsunami gets closer to land and the ocean depth decreases. Tsunamis are often called tidal waves. Underline all the verbs in the present forms like in the following example. In fact. Find the present verbs. What is the natural phenomenon? What does the phenomenon look like? Rewrite the sentences that have present verbs. What other features does the phenomenon have? What features does the phenomenon have? Once the building was destroyed.

Consider the contexts of the sentences in choosing the right words. Vocabulary Exercise Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words. Catatumbo Lightning occur only over the mouth of the Catatumbo River where it empty into Lake Maracaibo. Like most land crabs. All snakes have teeth. Grammar Exercise Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct present form.

Many people use the Internet to do electronic shopping. Scientists learn natural phenomena from time to time. Writing Create your own. Tropical cyclogenesis describe the process of development of tropical cyclones. Use pictures or other necessary media to help clarify your presentation.

Choose a natural phenomenon that is worth sharing. Present what your group has found in front of the class. You can go to Use these subheadings when writing. Use the following questions to help you.

Seen from Earth. Speaking about one natural phenomenon as assigned by your teacher. Mercury appear to move around its orbit in about days. Do not forget to write and present your text neatly and attractively. Cloze Description Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.

Details about the features of the phenomenon. Volcanic eruptions happen when lava and gas are discharged from a volcanic vent. Nest building is an instinct. Some swallows make their nests in a hole in a tree or rock. Birds do not learn to build nests. Cardinals and thrushes make this kind of nest. Adapted from https: They line the bottom of the hole with grass. Respond to these questions to check whether you understand how to create a factual report about natural phenomena.

Many birds make a cup-shaped nest out of twigs and grass. Do you use general information to 2. Do you give necessary description 3. Chapter 8: Students Don't Bully Tujuh Pembelajaran: Setelah mempelajari Bab 8.

What are the other nine qualities? Work in pairs and trust worth yforg iVing loYa lstrA ightf orwar denth usias ticde peNda blere spect fulsE ssupp ortiv enOnj udgme ntali nsPiring Source: Discuss with the class. Listen to your teacher. Find the ten words by reading carefully these two groups of seemingly-nonsense words from the left top down is trustworthy. Comprehension Questions 1. Your question: Read and skim.

Read and skim each paragraph in the reading text about bullying below. She is going toread the text aloud. Use your answers to retell the text in your own words. What does research say about friendship? Do you know what bullying is? Before you read the text.

What are the characteristics of friendship? In what branch of science do people learn friendship? What do people who form a friendship have in common?

Try to answer the comprehension questions. What is friendship? In this type of bullying. These are designed to instill fear in the one bullied.

Bullies who use verbal techniques excessively tease others. This type of bullying is designed to get others to ostracize the person being bullied. Teenage bullying that includes emotional methods aims at getting someone else to feel isolated. Teenage Bullying After reading text about tornados. This usually includes kicking. It is important to realize that there are different kinds of bullying. Physical Bullying: This is the most obvious form of bullying.

Bullying is done with the intention of bringing another person down. Emotional Bullying: This is even more subtle than verbal bullying. Cyber Bullying: Electronic bullying is becoming a very real problem for teens.

This type of bullying uses instant messaging. Verbal Bullying: When someone verbally bullies another. How many types of bullying are there?

What differentiates one type of bullying from another? What is bullying? What do bullies usually do to other people? What is the purpose of bullying? Another problem is retaliation. In some cases.

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There are instances in which these teens become violent. They turn to their classmates in Adapted from http: These problems can affect a person well into adulthood.

What are the effects of bullying? Which do you think is the most damaging kind of bullying? This can be especially devastating to the in the virtual world.

There are a number of effects that come with teenage bullying. These activities can lead to depression and even suicide. First of all. Comprehension questions 1. See the example. Match the words in the left column to their meanings on the right column.

A person who initiates something 5. How can retaliation cause heartbreak? Identify the meaning of words. Why do the bullied teens fantasize of attacking the bullies?

Why do the bullied teens seek for support to their Practice pronouncing. Action against someone who has done something bad to you k. They are called gerunds. Observe the phonetic transcription. Bullying includes behaviors that focus on making someone else feel inadequate. Writing Grammar Review Task 7: Identify the gerund in the subject position. Practice pronouncing the words. Try to understand what gerunds are by answering the questions.

Pay attention to the subjects of the sentences. Cyber bullying is becoming a very real problem for teens. Kicking and punching are examples of physical bullying. Pay attention to the objects of the sentences. Electronic bullying uses instant messaging. Building friendship with all students develop our communication skills.

Answer the questions. What is the part of speech of the words printed in bold in the object position? What are the base forms of the words?

What is the part of speech of the words printed in bold in the subject position? What is the part of speech of those words before they are put in subject position?

What conclusion can you draw? Task 7: Identify the gerund in the object position. Making fun of other people is not something to enjoy. The text about bullying above is called a factual report information report. What are the parts of speech of the words before they are put in the object position? The description refers to these questions: Text Structure Task 8: Seven C.

Six Physical and psychological problem: Read another text about friendship. Read and analyze the text. Two Three Four Five Problems that arise from bullying. Adapted from www. They will not ask their friends to compromise the principle in the name of friendship or anything else. That is because they will not lack the mercy to correct their friends when the friends are wrong.

Do you think this text is of the same type as the text about bullying?

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Read the text below carefully and then practice reading it aloud. The next characteristic is respect. In a friendship of people with such characters. Best Friend Forever Among many friends that people have. Best friends forever are friends with those traits. Identify the gerunds. What is the function of each paragraph? How is each paragraph related to each other? Find the meanings of words.

Read the meaning of the following words. Look through the text titled Teenage Bullying again and then A for an example. Do the meanings match the words?