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Vim 101 hacks pdf

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Contribute to chiranjibKonwar/Documentation development by creating an account on GitHub. Linux Hacks - Free teshimaryokan.info · awk,sed,linux hacks book added, 2 years ago. Sed & awk teshimaryokan.info · rename file, 2 years ago. Vim teshimaryokan.info Vim Hacks is a downloadable eBook that contains practical examples on various advanced Vim features that will make you fast and productive in the.

Visible to Everyone. Swap Adjacent Characters Vim taglist plugin author Yegappan Lakshmanan has this to say about the plugin: Expert Text Manipulation Hack After executing the substitute statement the file will look like this; then you can add the 3rd Article.

Page 10 and Page 12 and Page 14 and Page 16 and Page 18 and Page 20 and Page 22 and Page 24 and Page 26 and Page 28 and Page 30 and Page 32 and Page 34 and Page 36 and Page 38 and Page 40 and Page 42 and Page 44 and Page 46 and Page 48 and Page 50 and Page 52 and Page 54 and Page 56 and Page 58 and Page 60 and Page 62 and Page 64 and Page 66 and Page 68 and Page 70 and Page 72 and Page 74 and Page 76 and Page 78 and How to Display all Bookmarks Navigate any Source Code effectively using Ctags Basic Text Manipulation Insert or Append Text Replace Text Substitute Text Change Text Join Lines Using nojoinspaces Option Advanced Text Manipulation Delete Single Char, or Word, or Line Inserting Content from Clipboard Buffer Insert Content to Clipboard from File Write Part of File to another File Swap Adjacent Characters The power of the.

Visual Mode Commands Editing with: Expert Text Manipulation Abbreviation and Unabbreviation Automatic Spelling Correction Record and Play Using Macros Sort File Content Recover Deleted Text Add Automatic Headers to Files Using Vim as a Programmers Editor Smart Indentation Access Unix Man page for Functions from Vim Jump to Variable Declaration Align the Variable Assignment View Current File Details Take Control of the Vim Status Bar Change Case Spell Check Setup Quit Confirmation Edit Current Buffer Content Tabs and Spaces Vim Command Line Hacks Open File in Read Only Mode Recover Swap File Explicitly Execute any Vim Command when opening a file Execute Commands Stored in a File Skip Loading Plugins Temporarily Enter Restricted Mode in Vim Display and Hide gVim Menu and Toolbar Change Font in gVim Vim Look and Feel, Tabs, and Windows Split Windows Horizontally and Vertically Change Window Title Change Vim Colors Edit Multiple Files in Tabs Additional Features in Vim Editor Repeat an Operation N number of times Undo and Redo Action Open the File whose Name is under the Cursor Saving Files Automatically Encrypt File in Vim Save and Resume Vim Sessions Review the Differences between Files using Vimdiff Vim Map Command Make Bash Shell work like Vim Editor Set Vim Options Unset Vim Options Default registers and their uses Numeric Registers and Recovering Deletes Vim Directory Operation Power of Search Navigation by Search Search for a Character within a Line Search across Multiple Files using vimgrep Highlight Search Results with Color Vim Incremental Search The Power of: Automatic Completion Automatic Word Completion Automatic Line Completion Automatic Filename Completion Dictionary Completion Thesaurus Word Completion Automatically open a Pop-up menu for Completion Automatically offers Word Completion as you type Bonus Hacks Set Vim as Universal Default Editor using updatealternatives Make Vim as Default Editor Format a Paragraph Edit Macros for Reuse Indent Code Block Power of Combination Identify the changes done to a file Refresh the Screen Insert Non Keyboard Characters Vim ex Mode Place the cursor at the end of the match Edit Binary files in Vim Editor Mastering the Vim editor fundamentals and knowing how to use it effectively will instantly boost your productivity.

This book contains Vim hacks examples that will help you to become fast and productive on the Vim editor. All the hacks in this book are explained with appropriate Vim editor command examples that are crisp and easy to follow.

This book contains 15 chapters.

101 Hacks to Make You Fast and Productive in the Vim Editor… Guaranteed

Conventions used in this book: I have done extensive programming in several languages and C is my favorite. I have also developed passworddragon. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, translated, posted or shared in any form, by any means. The information provided in this book is provided "as is" with no implied warranties or guarantees. Well, all of these tools have their place, but a professional user needs professional tools.

You have opted for Vim - a very good choice. Vim was created when system resources were limited. These times have passed, but the result is a highly stable editor that runs on virtually any platform and has an exceptional command concept. It is certainly one of the best editors available for programmers. If you are adept with it, you can reach an incredible level of productivity.

Vim offers just about everything you could ever want from an editor. What remains can be handled with macros, plug-ins and command line utilities. Mastering an advanced editor is no small investment. However, after many years of experience, I can assure you that the effort bears interest richly. And do not forget, learning how to wield its power well can be a lot of fun, along the way! The best that can happen is when an experienced user shows you the way and accompanies you as you learn.

This book does exactly this. The learning curve is quite steep. After you have mastered the basics, you will learn step by step more advanced techniques. In order to become a master yourself, you only need three things: This book will guide you for weeks or months there.

Now there is much to do, but you will have a very interesting time and gain much by it. Enjoy using Vim effectively. It's best to start immediately.

Vim Basics Before we begin to review the hacks, let us understand a few basics of the Vim editor. Opening a File There are two methods to open a file. Method 1: Open from command line as explained above.

Open from the Vim editor after launching it.

Save Methods Description: Quit Methods Description: Exit without saving working file: For easy understanding let us separate these into two categories — basic modes and advanced modes. Basic Vim Modes It is absolutely essential to understand these three basic modes to use the Vim editor effectively. Insert This mode is for inserting text. Command Line This mode is for executing ex commands at the bottom of the editor. For example,: The following steps explain how you do this with the help of these three modes.

Step 1: Normal mode. Open the new file in Normal mode. Insert Mode. Go to Insert mode, and type Hello World! Command Line mode. Go to command line mode and type: For example, you can select a column of text and delete in visual mode. Select From: In the Vim editor, following are the basic navigation keys: This is why those keys were chosen for navigation.

If you are not comfortable with j, k, h and l keys, you can still use arrow keys to move around.

Pdf hacks vim 101

If you exit and start the Vim editor, the line number display will not be present anymore. On Unix there is a. Typically you should be modifying only the local vimrc file. Location of global vimrc file: All hacks mentioned in this book are tested against the latest stable version.

Vim version on Ubuntu: Vim version on Windows: Install Vim on Windows: Install Vim on Ubuntu Linux: Help Description: For example: Vim commands. Use Vimtutor for Practice The Vimtutor program has built in tutor file that contains step-by-step instructions to learn the Vim editor. When you launch vimtutor, it copies the original tutor file and opens it automatically. You can modify this file and play around with it as you wish. To open a tutor file in your specific language, give the language code at the end.

For example, the following opens the tutor file in Spanish. If you only use the h, j, k, l characters to navigate, you will soon realize this is very painful and time-consuming. Hacks in the navigation chapters will help you navigate file content very effectively with less key strokes.

Hack 1. Scroll Full Page or Half Page On a large file, using j, k, h and l keys to scroll down pages is not effective. Use the following page navigation keys.

There is a slight visual difference between using j, k keys and this CTRL keys.

Vim 101 Hacks - Project Hosting

Try it out yourself to see the difference. Word Navigation Using h and l key to navigate horizontally is very painful and time consuming. You can navigate words effectively using the word navigation keys mentioned below. WORD consists of a sequence of non-blank characters, separated with white space. But the whole Because is considered as a word. Because the whole Position cursor at specific location within a line Instead of just using l and h to navigate within a line, you can use the following to position cursor at various locations within the same line.

Line beginning and end navigation Hack 4. Paragraph, Section, Sentence Navigations Use the following keys for paragraph, section and sentence navigation. Advanced Navigation Hack 5. Screen Navigation Move cursor to top, center and bottom of the screen as explained below. Navigation Key Description H Go to the first line of current screen.

A mnemonic for H is "home" position - "0,0" a. Redraw Screen with Current Line on Top, Bottom or Middle You can redraw the screen with current line under the cursor at top, bottom or middle as shown below. Hack 7.

Navigate to Top and Bottom of the File You can jump to the beginning and end of the file quickly as shown below. Navigation Key Description: Jump to the middle of the file. Line Number Navigation The following are command for line number setting inside Vim editor. Command Description: You can change this to 5 character using numberwidth You can jump to a specific line number as explained below. Source Code Navigation These keys are very helpful for programmers who are coding using Vim or for Sysadmins who write shell scripts.

For regular Unix users, these can come in handy while browsing any source code. However sometime you may want to navigate from an insert mode. To do this press Shift and Right arrow. Expert Navigation Hack You can go backward and forward through that list. To view the jump list: There will be numbers above and below location 0. So, when you execute j on that line, it will jump to next line. But in reality it is just only long line.

Hacks vim pdf 101

Visual Line: Let us assume that a very long line is wrapped down into 5 visual lines. Let us call each and every individual line as visual lines for the discussion purpose.

The following shortcuts can help in navigating a very long line effectively. Vim Command Line Navigation When opening a file from the command line, you can navigate to a particular position by specifying command line arguments as shown below. Create Local Bookmarks inside file using Marks There are two types of bookmarks -- Local bookmarks and Global bookmarks.

Let us review local bookmarks in this hack. If the bookmark name is a lower case letter, then that is local mark. In the following example, typing ma has created a bookmark at the exact location where the cursor is highlighted. Bookmark current location inside Vim using ma Note that Vim differs from Vi in that marks persist after exiting the editor. This is a powerful feature that's a surprise to many UNIX users.

Method 1 to access the bookmark: This will jump to the exact character location within the line from where it was bookmarked earlier. Move to the beginning of the bookmarked line. Create Global Bookmarks inside Vim File When you have multiple files open, if you want to go to a particular position in any one of the open files, then you can use Global mark feature of Vim.

If the bookmark name is an upper case letter, then that is a Global Bookmark. The following sequence of steps will explain how to use a global bookmark while editing multiple files. Open multiple files: An exercise for the reader: Using two less important files than these, make global marks in two files, then modify the current file and jump to the other one without saving first. What does Vim do? How do things change if you ": Hack This also displays the text of line This is from the current open file, which is yp.

This also gives the text of line Apart from the above bookmarks, anytime you type: Navigate any Source Code effectively using Ctags Install ctags package apt-get install exuberant-ctags or rpm -ivh ctags V3 DSA signature: The following is partial content from a ctags file. Navigate to particular function definition by specifying the function name using: Usage 2. Usage 4. Navigating through a list of functions which have similar names In this example,: Vim also builds a list of all the functions whose names start with get which we can navigate.

Vim command Description: If you want to navigate source code in a manner similar to navigating in a file browser, you can use the Vim taglist plugin to make Vim into a source code browser. Vim taglist plugin author Yegappan Lakshmanan has this to say about the plugin: But it is not a must to generate the tag list manually by ctags command for using taglist plugin.

Usage 1: Open the Tag List Window in Vim using: TlistOpen vim mycprogram. TlistOpen From the Vim editor, execute: TlistOpen as shown above, which opens the tag list window with the tags of the current file as shown in the figure below. List of Functions and Variables in a Program Usage 2: Jump to a Function Definition within a source code By clicking on the function name in the left side panel, you jump to the definition of the function as shown in the Figure below.

Apart from jumping to functions quickly, you can jump to classes, structures, variables, etc. Jump to a specific function quickly Usage 3: Jump to a function defined in another source file When you encounter a function in a source file that is defined elsewhere, and you want to go to the function definition, you can do this via two different methods. The tag list window will show the tags for that newly opened file. Method 2: Open another file also in the same Vim session.

Vim will update the tag list window with the information about that file. Usage 4: Display Function signature Usage 5: Viewing the total number of functions or variables in a source code file Pressing 'space' with the cursor over a tag type like function or variable shows the count of tags of that type. Display total number of functions 48 Buyer: Basic Text Manipulation Hack Key Description i Insert text at the current position I Insert text at the beginning of the line Key: Uppercase I as in India o Insert a new line after the current line and insert text Key: Lowercase o as in orange.

O Insert a new line before the current line and insert text Key: Uppercase O as in Orange. Key Description a Append text after the current cursor position A Append text to the end of the line Hack Replace Text The following explains various methods to replace text in a file. Substitute Text The following explains various methods to substitute text in a file. Change Text The following explains various methods to change text into a file.

Key Description cc Change the whole current line; synonymous with S. C Change the current line from the current cursor position.

Pdf hacks vim 101

Join Lines Using nojoinspaces Option To join combine two lines do the following. J If there is no special character at the end of the line the cursor is on, the J command will add only one space when joining the two lines.

To avoid this and always use one space when joining the two lines, set the following option. Advanced Text Manipulation Hack For example, to copy a word, press yw. First, view the register with the following command. Make a note of the register number of the deleted word that you would like to paste. If you would like to paste the word from the register number 3, execute the following.

However you have to use d instead of y. Key Description x Delete the current character dw Delete the current word dj Delete the current line and next line 56 Buyer: Insert Content to Clipboard from File You may want to put text from the current file into the clipboard.

Once the text is transferred to the clipboard, you can paste it into any other application. Copy to clipboard Description: Write Part of File to another File To write part of a file to a new file you can use any of the following methods. Select the particular lines in the visual mode. Go to visual mode using either v or V and navigate to the desired line, then do the following.

To write a part of file into another file, you can specify the range as shown below. This will write the lines from 5th to 10th of current file to the new file.

Hacks to Make You Fast and Productive in the Vim Editor Guaranteed

Swap Adjacent Characters If you make a simple typing mistake with misplaced adjacent characters, you can use xp. The following example demonstrates the use of the. Search for a string in a file using: Replace john with jason using: Search for the next occurrence of john: Instead, simply type.

Visual Mode Commands The following are different types of visual modes: Visual Mode Types Description v lower-case Start the normal visual mode. Use arrow keys to navigate and select text in visual mode. V upper-case Start the line visual mode.

Natarajan R. Vim 101 Hacks, Practical Examples for Becoming Fast and Productive in Vim Editor

The following screenshots show the difference between these three visual modes. Normal Visual Mode In this example, the whole 1st line and part of the 2nd line are selected.

This can be done by pressing v lower case V and using arrow keys to navigate to a specific character in a line. Normal Visual Mode 60 Buyer: This can be done by pressing V upper case V and using arrow key.

In this mode, when you press down arrow or j key , it will select the whole line. Block Visual Mode 61 Buyer: For example, if only part of the line is selected, it deletes only the selected text from that line.

D Delete rows under highlighted text. For example, if only part of the line is selected, it deletes the entire line. Create the following employees.

Marketing Alex Jason: Sales Madison Randy: Product Development Sanjay Gupta: Support Nisha Singh: Sales 63 Buyer: Expert Text Manipulation Hack Copy Lines to Named Buffer for Later Use You can copy yank lines to a named buffer, which you can use later as shown below.

Valid named buffer: Convert Inserted Text to Normal Mode Commands Have you ever typed a normal mode command when you are in insert mode by mistake? This hack is very helpful under those situations as shown below. To achieve this, you should add the following line to your. There is a. To abbreviate a word temporarily, execute the abbr command in command mode as shown below. To remove an abbreviation definition temporarily, execute the noabbr command in command mode.

You can also insert special keys in the iabbrev value. Thanks, Regards, Ramesh Natarajan Hack Automatic Spelling Correction The autocorrect.

Hacks vim pdf 101

Above line will automatically change to "this is acceptable"] When you want the expansion or spelling mistake correction to be stopped for a particular word, you can do the following inside vim.