Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we . SWAMI VIVEKANANDA. REPRESENTATIVE OF THE HINDU RELIGION AT THE WORLD. OF RELIGIONS,. HELD IN CHICAGO, PARLIAMENT. Digitized by Google. Digitized by. Page 2. THE UBRARY. Digitized by Google. Digitized by. Page 3. Page 4. The Wandering Monk. Digitized by Google. Page 5 .
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the Swami Vivekananda which are to compose the present edition, The Web version of The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda is under developing. PDF | On Jan 12, , Desh Raj Sirswal and others published Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda. tions with Swami Vivekananda in the following pages, had the,privilege not only of. divine voice Tal Swami Vivekananda - A Biography by Swami.
The radical spiritual freedom that this idea implies is the essence of Vedanta: So he told, if people have faith in three hundred and thirty millions of Hindu mythological gods, and in all the gods which foreigners have now and still have no faith in themselves, there will be no salvation. Sita was a true Indian by nature, Vivekananda concluded, who never returned injury. Later on Vivekananda established Ramakrishna Mission on social, religious and cultural foundation. Swami Vivekananda warned it is completely unfair to discriminate between sexes, as there is not any sex distinction in atman soul , the soul has neither sex, nor caste nor imperfection. A terrible thing, killing these low forms of life. They are impermanent.
There was certainly sufficient interest among Americans in Indian thought, and a spiritual hunger sufficiently profound, to enable Swami Vivekananda to find a ready and willing audience and abundant support among the people of America for the founding of the Vedanta Society, and also for the ventures that he pursued upon his return to India, such as the establishment of the Ramakrishna Mission and Belur Math.
In America, the Vedanta Society became a magnet for important intellectual and literary figures that have played a major role in disseminating the Vedantic teachings of Swami Vivekananda throughout American culture. Christopher Isherwood, a famed novelist and associate of such literary figures as W.
Auden, E. Forster, and Somerset Maugham—as well as J.
Finally, drawing upon his considerable literary talents, Isherwood wrote what is probably the most popular biography of Ramakrishna in the English language: Ramakrishna and His Disciples. Aldous Huxley, also affiliated with the California center, was an essayist and a novelist who wove Vedantic themes through his fictional and non-fictional works.
A major theme of his novels is the expansion of consciousness, and one of his most provocative works, The Doors of Perception, is the source from which the popular California-based band, the Doors, took their name.
Shifting from the west coast to the east coast, author J. Salinger was a disciple of Swami Nikhilananda, and is best known in America as the author of The Catcher in the Rye, a novel of youthful alienation and protest against the norms of conventional western society. His later works, though, such as Frannie and Zooey, are replete with Vedantic themes and references.
Salinger abruptly withdrew from society at the height of his fame—a retreat that was the source of much speculation until after his recent death, in , when it came to light that he spent the last five decades of his life practicing meditation and studying the Bhagavad Gita.
Two major scholars of religion, Huston Smith and Joseph Campbell, were deeply influenced by Indian values and philosophies—and particularly by Vedanta. Campbell also popularized the comparative study of religion and mythology, partially through his own work, such as the celebrated The Hero with a Thousand Faces, on the theme of mythic archetypes, but also indirectly, through his collaboration with George Lucas.
Lucas, inspired by the work of Campbell, dreamed of developing a distinctively American mythology drawing upon Indic and other world spiritual traditions. This vision took the form of the wildly popular Star Wars films. A wise person is not disturbed by this. O Arjuna, encounters with the material world induce sensations of cold and heat and pleasure and pain. They come and they go. They are impermanent. Finally, yet another major disseminator of what has emerged as the contemporary global spiritual movement, has been George Harrison, lead guitarist from easily the most popular rock band of all time: But it was not long before Harrison would immerse himself fully into Hindu thought and practice.
His first visit to India, in , was spent for the most part doing contemplative reading in a houseboat in Kashmir.
Vedantic and Yogic themes would continue to pervade both the lyrics and the music of George Harrison until he left his body in November of The Present-Day Scene: Other reputable polls have yielded roughly comparable numbers in response to similar questions. If one takes a stroll through an American shopping mall and browses through the various stores, one increasingly finds clothing and home decorations adorned with images of Lord Ganesha and other Hindu deities.
Other Western celebrities wear Om jewelry and sport Sanskrit tattoos, as do growing numbers of young people. One of the biggest hit films of , a film that won multiple academy awards, was the beautiful and profound, Vedanta-infused Life of Pi. One important imprint that Swamiji has left upon the west has been his emphasis on concrete action for the relief of human suffering as a spiritual path: Beyond the important and vital relief work of the Ramakrishna Mission that he established in , another major figure on whom he had an enormous influence was Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi actually sought to meet Swami Vivekananda when the Indian National Congress was meeting in Kolkata in , but Swamiji was unfortunately on his deathbed at that point, and was unable to receive visitors. Long, Gandhi has in turn influenced movements for a peaceful transformation of society across the globe, shaping the thought of such western figures as Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela.
James would have tremendous influence upon the thought of Alfred North Whitehead, the father of the system of philosophy known as process thought. Process thought shares many strong affinities with both Vedanta and Buddhism, as well as with Jain philosophy. The radical spiritual freedom that this idea implies is the essence of Vedanta: The infinite truth cannot be bound to any one form or tradition.
With this understanding, and his teachings of universal acceptance and the harmony of religions, Swami Vivekananda revolutionized the interfaith movement. Although Swamiji would no doubt have been critical of the use of yoga purely as a form of physical exercise, those systems of yoga that emphasize the centrality of the practice of meditation are in harmony with the spirit of his teaching.
These are just a few samples of the ways in which Swami Vivekananda has had an impact in the west, as seen through the lens of the four yogas: Gandhi-inspired movements for social justice, the movement of process thought within the realms of philosophy and theology, the interfaith movement in the area of religious devotion, and the popularization of meditation and other yogic practices.
The genealogies of all these movements converge in the life and teachings of Swami Vivekananda. But I shall not cease my work! And this work continues even today. The destructive capacities that human beings have developed are a danger to all life on this planet. Humanity stands at a crossroads from which we can either make this world into a heaven or a hell. It is within our power either to continue on a path to destruction, or to transform ourselves. It is a rare pleasure to see a form of belief that to most seems so far away and unreal as the Vedanta system, represented by an actually living and extremely intelligent believer The reality of the One is the truth which the East may well teach us, and we owe a debt of gratitude to Vivekananda that he taught this lesson so effectively.
The classes were free of charge.
Generally, the Swami held two classes daily—morning and evening. Although he delivered many lectures and held numerous classes in the two years and five months he had been in America, these lectures constituted a departure in the way they were recorded. Just prior to the commencement of his Winter —96 season in New York, his friends and supporters aided him by advertising for and ultimately hiring a professional stenographer: Goodwin's transcriptions of the Swami's lectures form the basis of five books.
Green Library in Stanford University, California. The author offers an explanation: The method is by Yoga. The word Yoga covers an immense ground … The first part of this book comprises several lectures to classes delivered in New York.
The second part is a rather free translation of the aphorisms or 'Sutras' of Patanjali, with a running commentary. The Swami begins the book by defining 'Bhakti' or devotion, and about 50 pages later, he introduces 'Para Bhakti' or supreme devotion that begins with renunciation.
In conclusion, the Swami tells us: Man himself is transfigured in the presence of this Light of Love, and he realizes, at last, the beautiful and inspiring truth that Love, the Lover, and the Beloved are One.
Share Flipboard Email. Subhamoy Das is the co-author of "Applied Hinduism: