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Steve Andreas and the folks at NLP Comprehensive in Colorado. They've trained The NLP Practitioner Manual. The Jump PDF format for easy searching. Nlp Comprehensive Practitioner Manual Pdf - Welcome to the NLP workbook. This is the most comprehensive guide to Neuro-Linguistic Programming available. NLP Practitioner Training PDF Manual - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read online. INLPTA Practitioner Training 8 NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING Neuro-Linguistic Nlp Comprehensive Practitioner Manual PDF.
What are the steps to collapsing an anchor and when would you do it? The Jump Start Guide. What are the two most common ways in which the meta model is chunked in NLP? Backtrack frame. The key to anchoring is to capture the pure state at the peak of its intensity.
If you have a choice as to whether you would like to be in rapport with someone's conscious or unconscious mind. You can get rapport with the person's conscious mind. What is important is that they feel comfortable with you at the unconscious level. Rapport is the ability to reduce the perceived difference between you and someone else at the unconscious level to a minimum. Pacing comes from matching certain aspects of their behavior until they begin to feel comfortable with you.
The NLP Master is also in up time with his attention directed toward the other person. An NLP Master always has an aim in any interaction. NLP focuses on getting rapport at the unconscious level.
This is one of the keys to success. The test is whether they follow your lead. The person does not have to like you to be in rapport with you. He does not just set and wait. Following your lead is the true test of rapport. This article will focus on the subject of rapport. This means being physically and mentally alert and optimally congruent.
At this point go back to pacing and do so with more precision. Two aspects of rapport are pacing and leading. There are four keys to success in any human interaction. The way that one normally does that is by sharing interests with the person. Pacing and leading are techniques designed to get establish rapport at the unconscious level.
This is inexcusable given the power of resource anchors and NLP change techniques. He is a master of the art of being systematically outrageous. It would be nice to have both.
Mirroring is matching the mirror image of the person's physiology. Match the head angle precisely. Shake their hand using the same amount of firmness as they do.
This means that your right and left sides correspond to their right and left sides. Once they sit down. If you are already sitting and they sit down after you. You will have to make some allowances for differing heights.
If tension is present where is it located and how intense is it. Are they smiling or are they expressionless? Match facial expressions as closely as possible. You are either sitting straight up or you are sitting at an angle. This is that we are most comfortable with those we perceive to be most like us. The next thing to match is the leg position.
After you greet them. The first thing that you want to observe about someone else's posture is where their spine is in relationship to the chair. You want to match that angle as closely as possible.
Do not move forward until they do are until you are able to lead them into that position. Are they leaning back. Also look for muscle tension. Next check their shoulders.
Next check facial expression. Matching is replicating a person's physiology exactly. Both matching and mirroring seem to work equally well. The key to matching and mirroring posture has to do with the position of your spine in the chair. Most people find it easier to mirror than to match. Make sure that yours are at the same angle.
The following pointers should add more precision to this vital process. A common sign of interest in our society is leaning forward toward the other person.
All rapport is is a series of techniques that make other people feel that we are most like them. What is the angle. Suppose that you are meeting someone and want to establish rapport with them. If the person you are mirroring is leaning back then make sure that you do the same. Matching and mirroring is often done sloppily and with limited effect.
It is important to be aware of this tendency. Next check their head. In this case right and left are reversed. Be sure to listen for and remember their name. The most basic way to establish rapport is through matching and mirroring.
Put yourself in an optimally resourceful state before you meet them and have an outcome in mind. Do this as closely as possible. Match muscle tension as closely as possible. People who are empathetic have a natural tendency to do this. Match the sentence lengths and complexity as closely as possible. There are certain sexual differences obviously in the way people position their legs. Pay close attention to the kinds of predicates that they are using and to the approximate proportion of each.
Often when you are mirroring someone of the opposite sex you will only be able to mirror from the waist up. Are their gestures symmetric or asymmetric? Are the palms down. Match their voice tone as closely as possible. Match this proportion as closely as possible. When you are talking match the gestures that they used in talking previously.
Listen to hear if they are using primarily visual. Observe the types of gestures that the person uses when they talk. They will probably be using a mixture of several of these. If they are fast talkers. Also observe how they position their hands when they are listening. Note the rate. Are they pointing? Are their hands open or closed? Observe the tempo of their gestures. The final and most important thing to match is their breathing. Next match their voice.
Match this tempo. A male may open his legs. Are they breathing rapidly or slowly? Is the length of the inhalation the same as the length of the exhalation? Are they breathing continuously or do they pause? Do not be too loud or too soft. There are sexual differences. Breath is the element that has the greatest effect on a person's physiology and mood. People talk with their hands. Also note if they speak continuously or if they pause often.
Gestures are the next thing to pay attention to. Also note the length and complexity of the sentences that they speak. In addition to matching the tonal qualities of their voice. If they are slow talkers. Match their volume precisely. Speak at the same rate and tempo that they do. Matching repetitive movements can be very powerful.
Is their head or their feet swaying? If so is the movement regular or irregular? Try to match any repetitive movements as closely as possible. Speak at the same volume they speak at. Notice if they are setting still or if they are moving. If you can mirror their whole body posture then do so. Advanced rapport has to do with being able to lead other people into emotional states that you want them to go into.
For instance. Muscle tension and breathing are tow key parameters to vary to produce this state. This means varying one or more parameters of the physiology gradually and getting the other person to follow.
This is where you pace one aspect of their physiology with a different aspect of your physiology. If the person follows then move them slowly in the direction which you want them to move in. Once rapport is established the next step is to lead. Sometimes the person's rate or depth of breathing may be uncomfortable for you. If you want the person in another state.
In this case use cross over mirroring. A final and more esoteric thing to match is the person's rate of vibration. This is usually towards relaxed receptivity. Match their breathing as precisely as possible with respect to these parameters. If you can detect and match this rhythm it is a powerful source of rapport.
It is best to begin with a gentle and gradual lead. There is evidence that everyone has an inner rhythm. Is their breathing deep or shallow? Are they breathing from the upper chest. Its formula is: I understand The meaning of your communication is the response that you get.
The "agreement frame" uses the word "and" and not the word "but" to disagree. The best way to find out is to ask. Use the power of silence. The formula for the "conditional close" is: If I agree to..
And I appreciate. Be imprecise when you want the other person to remain unsure as to what you are thinking.. Be precise when you want the other person to know what you are thinking.. Your nonverbal communication is more critical than your verbal communication.. Deletion is the process by which we selectively pay attention to certain dimensions of our experience and ignore or exclude others. We construct and modify our models of the world by generalizing.
All human behavior makes sense in the context of the choices generated by the person's maps and models of the world. The map. The three universal modeling processes are both useful and limiting. We use these maps or models in describing our experience to ourselves and to others. These processes when overused in our conversations with ourselves interfere with our experience of reality and in our conversations with other people interfere with the transmission of information about our experience of reality.
We create maps or models of the world which we use to guide our behavior. Distortion is the process which allows us to make shifts in our experience of sensory data. Language is a representation of our experience of reality and is not either our experience or reality itself. When someone says something that does not "make sense" to us all we know for sure is that our maps are different. Generalization is the process by which elements or pieces of a person's model become detached from their original experience and come to represent the entire category of which the experience is an example.
These are three universal modeling processes. INLPTA Practitioner Training 25 We can remove a great deal of this interference by being aware of ten of the most common forms of overuse and by asking specific questions to remove the deletion. The ten most common forms of deletion. In other words. To anchor elicit a response and at its peak associate it with some behavior of your own such as a touch.
The keys to successful anchoring are: To trigger the anchor perform the exact same behavior at another time when you desire the same response from the person. When we subsequently do or say the same thing in the same way in that person's presence we will tend to re-stimulate for them some portion of the previous feeling. You have been anchored when you consistently respond the same way to some external stimulus. To erase unwanted anchors collapse them with positive anchors or habituate to the stimulus.
To do this anchor both states and then fire the anchors simultaneously. In NLP we use this process as a conscious tool to make internal states especially resource states available in other contexts and to depotentiate dysfunctional states or the memories of those states that may be interfering with optimal functioning..
The steps in establishing a kinesthetic anchor are as follows: Hold the anchor for five to fifteen seconds. Anchors are also used to restructure internal processes and to alter future responses to certain situations. They are used to "capture" states both current and past so that those states can be made available in the same or altered form in other contexts in the present or the future.
If it does not then your anchor was not successful and you need to repeat the process again more carefully. The process of anchoring involves the connection or association of a touch.
Anchors are naturally occurring all around us everyday. The mechanics of anchoring are straight forward and require the ability to elicit internal states and to calibrate changes in internal states. Anchors are the "handles" that allow us to move experiences around in time.
If it does then you have anchored them successfully. While they are distracted fire the anchor using the same location and pressure. Anchoring is probably the most important and powerful "tool" in the NLP arsenal. The best indication of a change in state is a change in breathing.
If the person reaches a plateau in the experience and you want to move on. The timing of the application of the anchor. It is critical to successful anchoring to be able to calibrate when and the speed at which the subject is going into the desired state. The replicability of the anchor. In this case they are already there and it is not necessary to elicit the state.
To do this one must be constantly alert for opportunities to anchor. The best time to anchor a state is when the person is in it naturally. People vary in the intensity with which they are able to access states. If one anchors either to soon or to late one is not anchoring the pure state but either a diluted version of the state or a mixture of the state and some other state.
The uniqueness of the anchor or stimulus. The best time to release the anchor is just at the peak of the experience. The key to anchoring is to capture the pure state at the peak of its intensity.
As soon as the subject starts to change again into another state then release the anchor immediately. The following factors are critical: It is thus critical to calibrate when the subject is beginning to change into the desired state and when they are beginning again to change out of it.
Thus one should be particularly sensitive to the location and the depth of the subject's breathing. All one has to do is anchor it. The strength of the anchor. Some people change states almost instantly while other may take a long time to change states. As the change increases slightly increase the firmness of the anchor.
People vary in the time that it takes them to change internal states and in the intensity with which they re-experience these states. The purity of the state to be anchored. Other factors to observe are skin color and shine.
If one anchors to soon the subject may not be in the desired state and if one anchors to late the subject may already be changing into another state. In some cases. The second way to re-experience a past experience and the one that is critical to anchoring is what is called association. Be happy right now. In association one relives the experience so to speak seeing what one saw at the time and hearing what one heard and most important of all feeling what one felt at the time. There are two ways to re-experience a previous internal state.
Breath like you would breath if you were happy right now. Say what you say if you were happy right now. One is to see oneself reliving the experience as if one was watching a movie of oneself. In this case tell the person something like: Some people have a difficult time remembering past experiences in an associated state. Hear what you heard. In cases where one does not have the opportunity to anchor states when they occur it is necessary to access the memories of these states at a later time.
This is called dissociation. If you see yourself in the picture. This requires artistry on the part of the person doing the anchoring and cooperation on the part of the person being anchored. Look like you would look if you were happy. By establishing a resource bank in this way one invests for rainy days ahead when these positive states will come in handy. Feel what you felt. To anchor successfully it is necessary to get the subject into an associated state. Be there in the experience reliving it as it happens.
Take a deep breath. It may take considerable time to get them into the experience and some people cannot get there at all. In association one is remembering from inside ones own body the event in the way they experienced it at the time.
Close your eyes. INLPTA Practitioner Training 31 has the opportunity to share many experiences and one should always be alert for the natural occurrence of strong positive states and anchor them for future use. To do this one usually says something like the following: One can also anchor these states oneself as we will discuss later. Now I want you to go back and remember a time when you were extremely happy.
See what you saw. When you have found it let me know. In choosing a location to anchor on one should select a location that one can get to easily and that one can return to precisely. To facilitate this process it is helpful to say something like: In psychology they call these "traumas" and they may produce avoidance responses called "phobias.
This is determined by the location of the anchor on the subject's body. These people are difficult to anchor by getting them to recollect past experiences. I do not want you to re-experience that time yet but just to identify it. In anchoring a past memory of say happiness the anchor will be the more effective the more intense the original experience was. If you need any assistance in this process then let me know. The next critical factor in anchoring is the uniqueness of the anchor or stimulus.
Some memories are so intense that they effect people for their whole life. This process may take a few minute. In non-therapeutic contexts where one is anchoring covertly the touching should be natural and appropriate.
Insist on them remembering one specific experience and try to avoid the subject jumping around between different experiences since this dilutes the anchor. INLPTA Practitioner Training 32 One difficulty some people have is that when asked to remember a time when they were X they either cannot remember a time or they remember a whole bunch of times and there memory keeps jumping between these instances. Many of these people store most of there history in terms of gestalts instead of isolated events.
As a practical matter in a therapeutic context I always tell the subject ahead of time that I am going to be touching them in a certain location and that I would like their permission to do so.
In summary in anchoring one needs to elicit one pure intense experience from the subject. Obviously one should plan ahead of time where one is going to anchor and be careful to remember the exact location of the anchor.
You do not want to be off balance or uncomfortable in anchoring and you may have to be able to get to the spot very rapidly if the person starts to go into state very quickly.
It takes considerable practice to be able to return to these spots precisely. A person may already have negative anchors connected to certain spots on their body which they may or may not be aware of. In anchoring covertly it is often necessary to anchor on the shoulder or the elbows. For this reason for precise anchoring it is best to anchor with your finger nail on one on the grooves of one of the subject's knuckles.
A good place to anchor is the back of the hands. I always tell the person that I am going to touch them there and ask them to rest there hands with there palms on their knees so that I can get to them easily.
It is important that the location of the anchor be one that you can get to easily and quickly. In anchoring it is important to choose an area that is not touched on a regular basis and that is clear of cuts.
If you anchor a lot of people it is a good idea to set up a system for yourself so that you can quickly remember where you have set what anchors. Also it is not a good idea to use cross pressure or to pinch since this is also difficult to replicate.
I have watched beginners very carefully anchoring with one of their fingers on the subject's knuckles while being oblivious that the rest of their hand was resting on the subjects hand or knee. The anchor is wherever the subject is touched.
It is better to anchor over a small area than over a large area since this is more easy to replicate. At most anchor with the tip of one of your fingers. Do not anchor on a part of the body that is touched often such as the palm of the hand since this location already has many experiences anchored to it and since whatever you anchor there will be quickly collapsed by future touching.
By anchoring with several fingers or even worse your entire hand it becomes very difficult to replicate the anchor exactly. If necessary write them down and keep a record on people that you deal with regularly. It is important to only touch the subject on the spot being anchored and not to touch them with any other part of your body.
There is often no way to know this in advance and one must calibrate constantly and stop and anchor in another location if one gets a negative reaction. In choosing a location to anchor on it is a good idea not to anchor on clothing since it may shift position on the body making it difficult to return to precisely the same spot.
If you come on as a stiff touching will seem unnatural and inappropriate and raise suspicion. It will take time for the subject to completely re-experience the state so it is necessary to hold the anchor until the subject is truly into the experience.
Obviously it is easier and more effective to be precise in the first place. The touch should never be painful but should not be too faint either. It is not necessary that the subject have a subjective experience of seeing the same pictures again or of flashing on the same memory. It is important to both touch firmly and to hold the anchor for a long enough time. In anchoring it is important to apply firm steady pressure. The anchor is effective if the subjects physiology changes to match that of when they were anchored initially.
If this is not the case as in some cases of covert anchors it may be necessary to feel around for the exact location while calibrating to see when one finds it. In learning to anchor initially and when in a therapeutic context where the subject has requested assistance it is advisable to have the subject signal to you when they are in the desired state and when they start to come out of it.
The anchor may be held up to a minute or longer if the subject is deeply in the experience. There is a tendency for beginners and people who are afraid to touch to just tap the other person. In replicating or "firing" the anchor it is necessary to return to the precise location with the same stimulus and the same pressure for the same amount of time. This information can assist in learning to calibrate. The anchor should be held for an absolute minimum of five to fifteen seconds.
It is also a good idea if possible to gradually increase the pressure as the subject goes into the experience. The best way to do this is to distract the subject and then unobtrusively touch the anchor in the precise location with the same pressure for the necessary amount of time while you are calibrating the subjects responses. There is a tendency for beginners and stiff people to be afraid of touching the subject which often leads to light and ineffective touching. One should always test any anchor one sets to make sure that it is effective.
This often happens. INLPTA Practitioner Training 34 The ideal anchor then is on a place on the subject that is marked by a groove or a freckle and which you can return to precisely. There is a tendency for beginners to want to tap the anchor and then wander why it does not bring back the desired state. If the person is not in the negative state. It is usually necessary to stack together a number of strong positive experiences to get a powerful enough total to neutralize or cancel out a strong negative experience.
If the person is already in the negative state which you want to eliminate. You can also stack anchors over a period of time by anchoring in the same location whenever the subject naturally is in the state which you desire to anchor.
Stacking anchors are used to build powerful all purpose resource anchors or to reinforce single purpose anchors. Stacking Anchors In order to reinforce anchors or to make them more powerful or to broaden there scope it is necessary to "stack" more than one experience on the same anchor. If the change does not occur when the anchor is tested. This is sometimes called a "bailout anchor". To stack more anchors repeat the process again and again. By removing or reducing the "charge" around memories of negative experiences or of present negative states it is possible to allow the subject to function more effectively.
To stack anchors follow all of the steps described earlier to anchor the first experience.
The steps in collapsing anchors are as follows: It is to be used in case the subject starts to collapse into heavy negativity and provides an insurance policy to get them back to the present.
Once the first experience is anchored and you have tested the anchor. The experiences to be stacked may be more examples of the same experience or may be different but complimentary experiences. This process which is called "collapsing anchors" will be discussed in the next section.
It is used to depotentiate or cancel out negative experiences that are getting in the way of functioning. Follow the same procedure for anchoring the negative state as in the previous description for how to anchor. Usually the negative experience will not be eliminated entirely.
Make sure that the subject is associated. This may take several minutes.
Make sure you choose locations for the two anchors where you can later touch both of them simultaneously and easily. If the experience is only mildly negative then it may only be necessary to stack several positive experiences.
The subject may report that the experience was weird and that it was like trying to feel two experiences at the same time or that the two experiences kept going back and forth until one of them won out.
Hold both anchors while calibrating. Distract the subject's attention and then unobtrusively touch both anchors at once. Often the subject may show bilateral asymmetry in their body and have a dazed look. If the experience is very traumatic then it may be necessary to stack a large number of positive experiences of a wide variety. Be sure and hold both anchors until the integration of the two states occurs and until fluctuations in physiology stop. The steps in the technique of transferring a resource to another context and future pacing are as follows: The outcome of this technique is to change the subjects behavior in the future in similar situations to one that is more desirable.
For example. The situation should be one instance of a repetitive pattern of undesirable responses in similar contexts such as the previous example of lack of confidence in social situations. This is called the "trigger. Have the subject remember the picture or sound the trigger several times and while they are remembering this fire the resource anchor.
For example times when they felt strongly confident. If the subject has difficulty remembering the trigger have them observe closely the next time that they are in that situation to discover what it is. You may see someone approaching you or someone may ask you a question. An example would be a lack of confidence in social situations. Make sure that they are associated in the experience. This will either be something they see or something they hear or both. For example they would be relaxed and confident in social situations.
This feeling is used as an anchor to go back and locate specific instances of it. Have them re-experience the feeling completely and anchor it. To do this help the subject find a recent experience when they felt that way. Because of the human ability to store experiences and draw upon them as resources. Once a constructed image is made it can be stored as an eidetic image and many people cannot tell the difference between the remembered constructed image and the image of what actually happened.
Resources are then generated and these specific instances are then replayed with the new resources. Have them report back to you on the acid test which is when they are in the actual situation again. To do this it is necessary to remember that the image was constructed in some system other than visual.
It is to be used when an individual is negatively affected by their sense of the past. The newly constructed instances are then stored as a new history. The tremendous effectiveness of changing history is evident by observing how people can distort their internally generated experience and then act on this distortion while forgetting that they created it in the first place. The change personal history process begins with the realization that some unwanted and recurrent feeling is getting in the way of optimum functioning.
The steps in the change personal history process are as follows: Also suggest that if they are experiencing difficulty in that future situation that they use their resource anchor at that time. It is used to "reconstruct" their past into one that supports them in the present. Changing personal history is a utilization of this same process. Change Personal History This is one of the more important techniques.
Try to get at least one experience when they were very young preferably before they were six years old. Then release the search anchor and have them see the full experience in which they experienced the unwanted feeling. Be sure that the resources call for the subject to be different and do not involve other people being different. Assist them in eliciting and adding those resources to the resource anchor. Then repeat the process. Anchor these resources.
Be sure that the resources are ones which influence the subject's behavior and subjective experience. Have them see the full experience as it actually happened and note their age at each experience. Use the anchors for each of the experiences to assist the subject in going directly to them. Using the resource anchor have the subject go to each of the already identified past experiences and change their history using the added resources until each experience becomes as satisfying and fulfilling as the subject wants.
Ask the subject what specific resources they would have needed to have in those past experiences for them to be satisfying experiences. As a last resort cover all of the other experiences and then collapse the resource anchor with the anchor for the experience the subject is having difficulty getting to come out satisfactorily.
To test have the subject remember each of the past experiences with no anchors and calibrate their response. Also ask the subject to report if indeed the memories have been subjectively changed. When exaggerations of the calibration are noticed have the subject stop. Stack resources until the subject feels that they have all the needed resources to change their history.
It is not beneficial for the subject to think that everything would have been fine if only the other people involved in the situation were somehow different. When the subject is satisfied with the changed experience. Have them identify the experience. While holding the search anchor have the subject go back through their past history.
Instead the subject needs to realize that they need to have been different so as to elicit different responses from the other people involved in the past experience. Anchor each experience with a separate anchor to assist the subject in getting back later to the specific experience. Once the necessary resources are identified assist the subject in accessing experiences where they genuinely exhibited the resources fully.
If the subject is not satisfied with the changed experience. After anchoring the experience release the experience anchor and reapply the search anchor and have the subject go back until another exaggerated change is noted.
As they imagine the situation have them implement the resources in the context. Chaining Chaining is a technique that creates a different pathway to a more desirable outcome than the pathway that is currently available to a person..
Use no anchors in this test. To design a successful chain it is first necessary to identify the present state feeling i. To install the chain follow the following steps: It is usual practice to anchor each step on a different finger in order to facilitate the process of setting the chain.
If a person habitually panics under time pressure. The question arises as to why not just chain the trigger directly to the desired state and forget the intermediate steps. To do this it is necessary to elicit and anchor a series of internal responses that are universal and that re-sequence or divert the person's habitual sequence to a more desirable outcome.
Once all of the steps of the chain are determined the process of installing the chain begins. In doing this it is helpful to choose internal responses for the chain that are universal.
Now the real artistry begins with the design of a sequence of internal states or responses that lead inevitably from the trigger to the desired end state.
It is a way of breaking up habitual patterns and helping to get people out of ruts in behavior by substituting pathways that lead to more desirable patterns of behavior. Usually this will not work. This will reveal if the changes have generalized successfully. Next it is necessary to determine a desired state or outcome that would be a more useful state to end up in. The steps must be doable for the subject. They are easy to use and can be made very precise. Practice the auditory anchors such as finger snaps and ways of pronouncing a word until you can replicate them exactly.
They gain part of their power from the natural tendency of the body to pay close attention to touches on it to decide if they represent a threat to it. Kinesthetic anchors have both advantages and disadvantages.
To master auditory and visual anchoring select five to ten sounds or gestures or facial expressions that you do not normally use unconsciously and practice them until you can repeat them exactly. Then repeat the process several times being sure to use a separator state each time so as not to chain the end state in a circle to the initial state.
Practice the visual anchors in front of a mirror until you can repeat them exactly. Visual anchors are obviously not available in those situations where the subject is accessing with their eyes closed.
It is also possible to anchor both visually and auditorially and advantageous to do so in certain circumstances. Once you have developed your repertoire begin to practice in the real world using these anchors covertly. The disadvantage of kinesthetic anchors are that they are hard to do covertly and that certain circumstances preclude touching or make it awkward.
The result will be well worth the effort. As you fire each anchor calibrate the response and just at the peak of the experience fire off the next anchor in the sequence. Auditory and visual anchors are more difficult to use because of the difficulty of replicating the sound or the image exactly. It is possible to anchor in all three systems simultaneously for maximum effect.
Visual and Auditory Anchoring So far only kinesthetic anchors have been discussed. Both are more covert but require more practice to master. Auditory anchors are particularly effective in our society since they are outside most people's conscious awareness. In those situations visual and auditory anchors are valuable.
After you have collapsed it test it and see what state you go into. One last word. Auditory and visual anchors are harder to collapse and you may have to do it in your imagination remembering the sound or the image.
They can also be used to collapse negative states either in the present or past. When you pass the peak of the state release the anchor.
Test it and see if you return to the same state. I know people who have every knuckle on their hands full of self anchors. Often we are negatively anchored without being aware of it to many gestures. You are always available to anchor yourself. Also you can be very precise in self anchoring since you know better than anyone when you are at the peak of the state and can tell if you are touching the exact same spot.
If necessary write them down on a card and carry it with you. Self anchors allow one to perform all the NLP anchoring techniques on themselves which is an invaluable tool for one's own personal growth and evolution. Also utilizing the positive anchors can help to keep a relationship on a positive keel. As the state intensifies push the fingernail of your index finger into one of the knuckles of your opposite hand. If you use self anchors remember where you put them.
Transferring and Steeling Anchors If you are aware that someone has anchored you and you do not want to be anchored by them then collapse the anchor yourself. Detecting and collapsing the ones of these that are negative can be a great help in improving a relationship. These anchors become "money in the bank" to use in future situations where you need resources. Do this and then check to see if the negative state has been decreased.
If they have touched you then put yourself in a positive state and touch the anchor yourself at the same spot. To create a self resource anchor place yourself in the desired state by recalling an appropriate associated memory.
To collapse a painful memory anchor the painful memory in a location you can touch later simultaneously with the resource anchor. It is wise to create a large number of resource anchors for yourself. Stack it with other memories. The best time to anchor is in the present time when you are experiencing some important internal state.
Continue to stack or reinforce these anchors whenever opportunity arises. As mentioned previously most people have many anchors in their relationships of which they are not consciously aware. The idea is for one person to establish positive rapport with the subject and to establish a positive anchor with them. This is a particularly good way to get rapid rapport with and exert unusual influence on people you hardly know as well as to gain positive responses from other people which you do know and who you would like to respond to you the way they do to someone else.
In steeling anchors one has to observe the interaction between two other people carefully to detect these anchors. The second person is told the location of the anchor and practices it until they can replicate it perfectly.
One then steels them by touching the other person in the same way or using the same expression or saying the same word with the same voice tone. They then use the anchor which was established by the first person to get the desired state in the subject. Steeling anchors is an even more interesting technique. They discovered that the internal and external processes that people experienced were correlated with both eye movements and predicates. Part of the power and utility of NLP comes from the techniques it uses to perform this task.
All human experience both external and internal may be decomposed to these basic primitives. These combinations and orders are called strategies. How was this pattern "discovered" by the founders of NLP. The eye scanning patterns are one of the things that is frequently most surprising and intriguing to people when they are first exposed to NLP.
They are called accessing cues. Richard and John noticed this behavior and then began to look for the pattern in it. I once asked Richard Bandler this question. The basic representational systems are visual.
Other people may have wandered at the origin of certain expressions in our language such as "that's down right obvious.
The news is that these behaviors and expressions are not just random or arbitrary. The basic building blocks of the NLP model are representational systems. This lead to the "discovery" of eye scanning patterns. Everyone realizes that other people move their eyes continuously. Many people have noticed that students when asked a question often look up at the ceiling.
He told me that in the early days when he and John were teaching that they would ask certain questions to a class and that they noticed that many of the students would look in the same direction before answering the question. These correspond to the senses of sight. What is news is that these movements follow a systematic pattern and that these movements correlate to what the person is experiencing.
For this insight to have utility. The fact that human experience is the result of the internal or external perception of sense data is a useful insight. There are certain indicators as to when a person is internally or externally experiencing in a particular sense modality. They has already observed that in talking people used certain sensory predicates to describe their experience. They are the processes by which human beings perceive. It is evident that Grinder and Bandler "discovered" eye scanning patterns some time between when they wrote The Structure of Magic and when they delivered the workshops that were transcribed and edited into Frogs Into Princes.
They even discovered a few people who did not fit either pattern. Eye scanning patterns are first mentioned in Frogs Into Princes which was published in To understand the possible complications it is necessary to study the subject further. Every NLP practitioner has verified this model for themselves thousands of times. They also "discovered" that most left handed people follow the following reversed pattern of eye movements.
This all seems very straight forward. But is the matter really so simple and straight forward? It turns out that not everyone thinks so. They discovered. Day concluded that individuals do exhibit characteristic eye movement patterns from the age of three in response to differential questioning.
Meskin and Jerome L. These studies have concluded that the direction of eye movements is related to cerebral hemispheric specialization. Some of the results of these studies were published by Galin and Ornstein in in an article in Neuropsychologia Vol. Duke in an article Lateral Eye Movement Behavior published in the Journal of Psychology in found that subjects exhibit greater eye movements in response to reflective questions than to factual questions.
Their results were confirmed in a similar study at Yale University by psychologists Bonnie B. Actually each eye provides data to both hemispheres. Robert Ornstein and Edward L. Kinsbourne replicated Duke's study by presenting subjects with verbal. One of the first studies of eye movements was an article by M.
What happens is that the left visual field of each eye is combined in the optic chiasm and processed in the right visual cortex. He found that in right handed subjects that there was consistently more right eye movement in response to verbal questions and more left eye movement in response to spatial question. These studies were followed by further research published in two articles in David Galin.
Research on brain lateralization indicates that the left hemisphere favors sequential cognitive processes and specializes in verbal-linguistic skills while the right hemisphere favors simultaneous cognitive processes and specializes in visual-spatial skills. This is consistent with the fact that. Further studies on representational systems and eye scanning patterns were conducted at the Langley porter Neuropsychiatric Institute in San Francisco in the early 's by Katherine Kocel.
Some of this research focused on eye movements. The discovery of the split brain led to research into what each half controlled.
Left eye movements activate right hemispheric cognitive processes. These are K. Visual and auditory construct and kinesthetic. Imagine being able to direct any conversation to a constructive, win-win conclusion, where everyone is smiling! About NLP Comprehensive. It has become the foundation and standard for NLP courses worldwide. The standard of quality, teaching skill, commitment and integrity is so high that only 10 people worldwide have ever been certified as NLP Comprehensive Master Trainers.
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