Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian politician and aerospace scientist who Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 November Retrieved 1 March ^ Jump "Story of indigenous stents". The Hindu- Businessline. Explore the scientific and political life of A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who served as India's president from to , on teshimaryokan.info Oka VIjetha AtmaKatha(Wings of Fire) - Free download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. Telugu Translation of Abdul kalam's Wings of Fire.
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Archived from the original on 20 June Puffin Books. I join our Indo—Canadian families, friends, and neighbours in mourning the passing of this respected leader. Nearing the expiry of the term of the 12th President Pratibha Patil on 24 July , media reports in April claimed that Kalam was likely to be nominated for his second term. Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future. The island contains a temple that is one of the most venerated of all Hindu shrines.
He formed the "What Can I Give Movement" in with the goal of creating a compassionate society, and in , his efforts to improve healthcare led to the release of a tablet for medical personnel to use in remote areas. On July 27, , Kalam suffered a massive heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management and subsequently died at the age of Kalam was laid to rest on July 30 with full state honors in his native Tamil Nadu.
Abdul Kalam Award," which recognizes exceptional individuals who promote the sciences, students and humanities. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!
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As a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle 'Challenger' in , Guion S. Bluford became the first African American to travel into space. Holmes was the alias of one of America's first serial killers. Abdul HarperCollins India.
Archived from the original on 17 August Archived from the original on 20 March People's president, extraordinary Indian". Retrieved 28 June His ties with the island - The Times of India".
Archived from the original on 23 August Greatly beloved, but he maybe missed being truly great - Firstpost". Archived from the original on 14 October Archived from the original on 24 August Archived from the original on 10 September Archived from the original on 28 February Abdul; Tiwari, Arun Noida, India: Arun Tiwari suspects".
Abdul 1 October Archived from the original PDF on 14 March Retrieved 1 January Outlook magazine. Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 17 July Kalam's Page". Archived from the original on April 24, Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 13 March Archived from the original on 17 July Economic Times. Archived from the original PDF on 14 October Retrieved 16 October Archived from the original on 21 May Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 28 August Archived from the original on 17 February Retrieved 16 December Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 1 July Retrieved 27 February Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 3 March University of Beijing.
University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 27 May Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original PDF on 29 June Archived from the original on 7 January J Abdul Kalam — Honorary Degree, ". Oakland University. New York. Retrieved 30 October Archived from the original on 30 March Nanyang Technological University. The Economics Times. Carnegie Mellon University. Archived from the original on 6 May Royal Society.
Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 14 November Abdul Kalam's Diverse Interests: Indian Institute of Technology Madras. Ministry of Home Affairs , Government of India.
Archived from the original PDF on 31 January National Academy of Medical Sciences. Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Retrieved 19 March Institute of Directors. Archived from the original on 10 November Retrieved 9 November Abdul; Y.
India A Vision for the New Millennium. Ignited minds: The luminous sparks: Punya Pub. Abdul Kalam with Y. Mission India: New Delhi, India: Puffin Books.
Inspiring thoughts. Indomitable Spirit.
Take My Journey Beyond. Ocean Books. A journey through challenges". Harper Collins India. Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 27 June Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring. Rajpal and Sons.
Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future. Penguin India. Harper Collins India Publication. Advantage India: From Challenge to Opportunity. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 November President Apj Abdul Kalam. Archived from the original on 3 June APH Publishing. Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 27 March The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President.
Archived from the original on 26 April My Days with Mahatma Abdul Kalam. Novel Corp. Archived from the original on 13 May Presidents of India. Venkataraman Shankar Dayal Sharma K. Narayanan A. Giri Mohammad Hidayatullah B.
Bharat Ratna laureates. Rajagopalachari , Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan , and C. Giri K. Kamaraj Mother Teresa Ramachandran B. Abdul Kalam M. Padma Vibhushan award recipients.
Balamuralikrishna T. Pattammal K. Shantaram Shivkumar Sharma Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman M. Subbulakshmi K. Dhar Jyotindra Nath Dixit M. Gill Hafiz Mohamad Ibrahim H. Krishnamurthy P. Rajeswar C. Krishnaswamy Rao Pattadakal Venkanna R. Rao V. Narayan P. Parameswaran Amrita Pritam K. Raj C. Jasbir Singh Bajaj B. Goyal Purshotam Lal A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar S. Sunderlal Bahuguna B. Banerji Mirza Hameedullah Beg P. Ranga Ravi Narayana Reddy Y. Sangma M. Patel Venkatraman Ramakrishnan K. Ramanathan Raja Ramanna C.
Rao C. Sreedharan M. Srinivasan George Sudarshan M. Narayana Murthy M.
Reddy J. Tata Ratan Tata. Portal Category WikiProject. Padma Bhushan award recipients — Sunil Gavaskar. Vainu Bappu Prafulla Desai A. Richard Attenborough Doraiswamy Iyengar V.
Jog K. Durga Das Basu Shiba P. Sreekantan Satya Pal Wahi. Posthumous conferral — — — — — — — Tejas Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft. Samyukta Tarang. Shaurya Prahaar.
K K-4 K Akash Trishul Maitri missile Barak 8. Helina BrahMos Air launched Variant. Sudarshan Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon. Abdul Kalam A. Sivathanu Pillai W Selvamurthy V. Saraswat V. Aatre Raja Ramanna V. Mahalingam Keshav Dattatreya Nayak. Indian space programme. Gaganyaan Under development. His most notable awards were the Padma Vibhushan, won in , and the Bharat Ratna, won in , for his contributions to science and engineering and service to the government.
From to Kalam was scientific adviser to the defense minister, and he later served as principal scientific adviser — to the government with the rank of cabinet minister. In Kalam put forward a countrywide plan called Technology Vision , which he described as a road map for transforming India from a less-developed to a developed society in 20 years.
The plan called for, among other measures, increasing agricultural productivity, emphasizing technology as a vehicle for economic growth , and widening access to health care and education. Kalam was nominated by the Hindu nationalist Hindutva NDA even though he was Muslim, and his stature and popular appeal were such that even the main opposition party, the Indian National Congress , also proposed his candidacy.
He remained committed to using science and technology to transform India into a developed country. Kalam wrote several books, including an autobiography, Wings of Fire We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
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Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. See Article History. Alternative Title: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam. Top Questions. Government and society. Aerospace engineering. Indian Space Research Organisation. Health and welfare. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: